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Gambelia speciosa

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: GambeliaView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, glabrous to hairy. Stem: erect, arching, or pendent, often much-branched. Leaf: opposite or whorled in 3s, entire; veins pinnate. Inflorescence: raceme. Flower: calyx lobes 5, entire, +- equal; corolla generally red, tube with sac-like extension at base, lower lip base +- swollen, generally not fully closing mouth, not spurred; stamens 4, often exserted, staminode 0; stigma exserted. Fruit: ovoid to spheric; chambers dehiscent by 1--2 pores near tip. Seed: many; ridges thin, netted.
Species In Genus: 2 species: California, northwestern Mexico. Etymology: (William Gambel, American naturalist, collector, 1823--1849) Note: South American species remain in Galvezia.

Gambelia speciosa Nutt.
Habit: Plant spreading, < 1 m, < 2 m wide. Stem: arching, often +- pendent. Leaf: whorled (opposite on seedlings), +- thick. Inflorescence: pedicel 1--2 cm. Flower: calyx 7--10 mm; corolla 2--2.5 cm, bright red. Fruit: 6--7 mm, ovoid, asymmetric; lower chamber larger. Chromosomes: n=15.
Ecology: Rocky cliffs, canyons; Elevation: 3--500 m. Bioregional Distribution: s ChI; Distribution Outside California: Baja California (Guadalupe Island). Flowering Time: Mar--Jun
Synonyms: Galvezia speciosa (Nutt.) A. Gray
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Next taxon: Gratiola

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botanical illustration including Gambelia speciosa


Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax 2016. Gambelia speciosa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Gambelia speciosa
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Gambelia speciosa
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Gambelia speciosa
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Gambelia speciosa
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer

More photos of Gambelia speciosa in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Gambelia speciosa:
s ChI;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.