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Fragaria virginiana

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RosaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0--3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0--5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5--many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1--many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1--5. Fruit: 1--many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1--5 stones. Seed: generally 1--5 (per fruit, not per flower).
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornamental, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. Note: Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Daniel Potter, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: FragariaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, +- nonglandular, rhizomes short, stolons leafless. Leaf: basal, 1-ternately compound; leaflet teeth generally entire. Inflorescence: cyme, +- umbel-like, open, 1--several-flowered; pedicels recurved in fruit, bractlets 0. Flower: hypanthium shallow, bractlets 5, narrower than sepals; sepals, petals +- obovate, generally white; stamens 20--35, filaments +- flat, pollen sac 1, horseshoe-shaped; pistils many, ovaries superior, jointed to stout style on side. Fruit: achenes many on enlarged, fleshy, red receptacle.
Species In Genus: +- 20 species: generally northern temperate. Etymology: (Latin: fragrant) Note: Species intergrade.
Unabridged Note: Characters include calyx orientation, fruit size used to define subspecies despite evident lack of taxonomic value.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter

Fragaria virginiana Mill.
Habit: Often dioecious. Stem: 2--12 cm. Leaf: thin; petiole generally 1--25 cm; central leaflet stalk 1--3 mm, blade generally 15--60 mm, obovate, rounded to truncate, teeth generally 7--13, above middle, +- obtuse, central tooth << adjacent; leaflets generally glabrous adaxially, +- hairy abaxially. Inflorescence: < leaves. Flower: +- 10--20 mm wide; hypanthium bractlets unlobed; sepals 3--6 mm; petals 4--9 mm. Fruit: receptacle +- 10 mm; achene +- 1.5 mm. Chromosomes: n=28.
Ecology: Meadows, forest openings; Elevation: generally 1200--3300 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaRH, SNH, MP; Distribution Outside California: to eastern North America. Flowering Time: May--Aug
Synonyms: Fragaria virginiana subsp. platypetala (Rydb.) Staudt
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter
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botanical illustration including Fragaria virginiana


Citation for this treatment: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter 2016. Fragaria virginiana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Fragaria virginiana
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© 2010 Keir Morse
Fragaria virginiana
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© 2009 Barry Breckling
Fragaria virginiana
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© 2014 California Academy of Sciences
Fragaria virginiana
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© 2005 Christopher L. Christie
Fragaria virginiana
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© 2003 Steve Matson
Fragaria virginiana
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© 2014 Barry Rice

More photos of Fragaria virginiana in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Fragaria virginiana:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.