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Fragaria chiloensis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RosaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0--3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0--5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5--many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1--many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1--5. Fruit: 1--many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1--5 stones. Seed: generally 1--5 (per fruit, not per flower).
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornamental, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. Note: Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Daniel Potter, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: FragariaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, +- nonglandular, rhizomes short, stolons leafless. Leaf: basal, 1-ternately compound; leaflet teeth generally entire. Inflorescence: cyme, +- umbel-like, open, 1--several-flowered; pedicels recurved in fruit, bractlets 0. Flower: hypanthium shallow, bractlets 5, narrower than sepals; sepals, petals +- obovate, generally white; stamens 20--35, filaments +- flat, pollen sac 1, horseshoe-shaped; pistils many, ovaries superior, jointed to stout style on side. Fruit: achenes many on enlarged, fleshy, red receptacle.
Species In Genus: +- 20 species: generally northern temperate. Etymology: (Latin: fragrant) Note: Species intergrade.
Unabridged Note: Characters include calyx orientation, fruit size used to define subspecies despite evident lack of taxonomic value.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter

Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill.
Habit: Often dioecious. Stem: generally 5--20 cm. Leaf: thick, leathery; petiole generally 2--20 cm; central leaflet stalk 1--10 mm, blade 10--60 mm, obovate, densely hairy abaxially, generally glabrous adaxially, rounded to truncate, teeth generally 7--11, above middle, rounded-obtuse, central tooth << adjacent. Inflorescence: exceeded by to exceeding leaves. Flower: generally 20--40 mm wide; hypanthium bractlets unlobed; sepals 6--10 mm; petals (8)10--18 mm. Fruit: receptacle 10--20 mm; achene 1.5--2 mm. Chromosomes: n=28.
Ecology: Ocean beaches, coastal grassland; Elevation: < 200 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, CCo; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska; also coastal South America, Hawaii. Flowering Time: Feb--Nov
Synonyms: Fragaria chiloensis subsp. lucida (E. Vilm. ex J. Gay) Staudt; Fragaria chiloensis subsp. pacifica Staudt
Unabridged Note: Hybridizes with Fragaria vesca (2n=35,42,63; Fragaria ×bringhurstii Staudt), putative hybrids with Fragaria virginiana (Fragaria ×ananassa subsp. cuneifolia (Howell) Staudt) spontaneous, do not merit taxonomic status.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter
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Citation for this treatment: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter 2016. Fragaria chiloensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Fragaria chiloensis
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Fragaria chiloensis
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© 2014 Neal Kramer
Fragaria chiloensis
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© 2004 California Academy of Sciences
Fragaria chiloensis
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© 2015 Barry Breckling
Fragaria chiloensis
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© 2004 California Academy of Sciences
Fragaria chiloensis
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© 2014 Neal Kramer

More photos of Fragaria chiloensis in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Fragaria chiloensis:
NCo, CCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.