Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Ficus carica
EDIBLE FIG

Higher Taxonomy
Family: MoraceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: MULBERRY FAMILY
Habit: [Perennial herb] shrub, [vine] tree, generally with milky juice; monoecious or dioecious. Leaf: alternate [opposite], petioled, generally simple, entire to lobed, evergreen or deciduous; stipules present. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, head, or flowers enclosed in thick receptacle, axillary. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, small, +- radial; sepals generally 4, free or fused at base; petals 0; stamens generally 4, opposite sepals; ovary generally superior, 1-chambered, style simple or 2-parted. Fruit: achenes many within fleshy calyces or surrounded by fleshy inflorescence receptacle.
Genera In Family: 37 genera, 1100 species: tropics, subtropics, some temperate; many cultivated (Ficus, fig; Artocarpus, breadfruit, jackfruit; Morus, mulberry). Note: Insect- or wind-pollinated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Alan T. Whittemore & Elizabeth McClintock
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: FicusView Description 

Common Name: FIG
Habit: Shrub, tree, [vine, occasionally rooted on other pls], unarmed; monoecious. Stem: buds inside conic stipules; stipule scar encircling stem. Leaf: entire or lobed, deciduous or evergreen; major veins palmate. Inflorescence: flowers internal, enclosed in an obovoid [spheric] inflorescence receptacle with a small, scaly opening. Pistillate Flower: style simple. Fruit: achenes many within fleshy inflorescence receptacle.
Species In Genus: +- 800 species: tropics, subtropics. Etymology: (Latin: fig) Note: Pollination generally by small wasps. Reports of Ficus pseudocarica Miq. and Ficus palmata Forssk. based on misidentified specimens of Ficus carica (Whittemore 2006 Sida 22:769--775).

Ficus carica L.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant < 10 m. Leaf: petiole 4--12 cm; blade 11--32 cm, widely ovate, +- scabrous adaxially, hairy abaxially, palmately lobed, major lobes generally 3--7, generally > 1/2 to base. Fruit: 5--8 cm, obovoid, green, yellow, or red to purple.
Ecology: Creeks, riverbanks, floodplains, seeps, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 800 m. Bioregional Distribution: SNF, GV, SnFrB, SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to southwestern Asia, naturalized in central America, Australia. Flowering Time: Mar--Apr Note: Commonly cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Alan T. Whittemore & Elizabeth McClintock
Jepson Online Interchange
Weed listed by Cal-IPC

Previous taxon: Ficus
Next taxon: Maclura

Name Search

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Alan T. Whittemore & Elizabeth McClintock 2016. Ficus carica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=25883, accessed on May 25, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 25, 2016.


Ficus carica
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Ficus carica
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Ficus carica
click for enlargement
© 2009 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Ficus carica
click for enlargement
© 2009 Julie Kierstead Nelson

More photos of Ficus carica in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Ficus carica:
SNF, GV, SnFrB, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.