Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Ficus carica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: MoraceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: [Perennial herb] shrub, [vine] tree, generally with milky juice; monoecious or dioecious. Leaf: alternate [opposite], petioled, generally simple, entire to lobed, evergreen or deciduous; stipules present. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, head, or flowers enclosed in thick receptacle, axillary. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, small, +- radial; sepals generally 4, free or fused at base; petals 0; stamens generally 4, opposite sepals; ovary generally superior, 1-chambered, style simple or 2-parted. Fruit: achenes many within fleshy calyces or surrounded by fleshy inflorescence receptacle.
Genera In Family: 37 genera, 1100 species: tropics, subtropics, some temperate; many cultivated (Ficus, fig; Artocarpus, breadfruit, jackfruit; Morus, mulberry). Note: Insect- or wind-pollinated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Alan T. Whittemore & Elizabeth McClintock
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: FicusView Description 

Common Name: FIG
Habit: Shrub, tree, [vine, occasionally rooted on other pls], unarmed; monoecious. Stem: buds inside conic stipules; stipule scar encircling stem. Leaf: entire or lobed, deciduous or evergreen; major veins palmate. Inflorescence: flowers internal, enclosed in an obovoid [spheric] inflorescence receptacle with a small, scaly opening. Pistillate Flower: style simple. Fruit: achenes many within fleshy inflorescence receptacle.
Species In Genus: +- 800 species: tropics, subtropics. Etymology: (Latin: fig) Note: Pollination generally by small wasps. Reports of Ficus pseudocarica Miq. and Ficus palmata Forssk. based on misidentified specimens of Ficus carica (Whittemore 2006 Sida 22:769--775).

Ficus carica L.
Habit: Plant < 10 m. Leaf: petiole 4--12 cm; blade 11--32 cm, widely ovate, +- scabrous adaxially, hairy abaxially, palmately lobed, major lobes generally 3--7, generally > 1/2 to base. Fruit: 5--8 cm, obovoid, green, yellow, or red to purple.
Ecology: Creeks, riverbanks, floodplains, seeps, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 800 m. Bioregional Distribution: SNF, GV, SnFrB, SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to southwestern Asia, naturalized in central America, Australia. Flowering Time: Mar--Apr Note: Commonly cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Alan T. Whittemore & Elizabeth McClintock
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Citation for this treatment: Alan T. Whittemore & Elizabeth McClintock 2016. Ficus carica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 02, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 02, 2016.

Ficus carica
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© 2009 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Ficus carica
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© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Ficus carica
click for enlargement
© 2009 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Ficus carica
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton

More photos of Ficus carica in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Ficus carica:
SNF, GV, SnFrB, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.