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Eucrypta micrantha

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BORAGE or WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: EucryptaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, glandular, sticky, odorous. Stem: erect, much-branched. Leaf: 1--3-pinnate-lobed; lower cauline opposite, petioled, upper alternate, upward smaller, sessile, clasping; petioles generally narrow-winged, ciliate. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary; pedicels thread-like, elongate in fruit. Flower: calyx < 1/2-fused, bell-shaped, glandular, lobes oblong to ovate to spoon-shaped, ciliate; corolla bell-shaped, generally >= calyx, with or without V-shaped transverse fold between each pair of filaments below throat; stamens included, equal, equally attached; ovary chamber 1 (or appearing +- 5 from complex, enlarged placenta), ovules on both sides of placenta, style 1, stigmas 2. Fruit: capsule, ovoid to spheric, bristly. Seed: 5--15.
Species In Genus: 2 species: southwestern United States. Etymology: (Greek: well hidden, from seeds)
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse

Eucrypta micrantha (Torr.) A. Heller
NATIVE
Stem: weak, < 3 dm, generally stalked-glandular. Leaf: lower 1--5 cm, < 2 cm wide, petiole short, widened to clasping base, blade oblong or ovate, deep-1-pinnate-lobed, lobes 7--9, oblong or oblanceolate, straight or sickle-shaped, entire or few-toothed, upper leaves greatly reduced, lobed, toothed or entire. Inflorescence: flowers 4--12 per branch; pedicels generally erect in fruit. Flower: calyx 2--5 mm, lobes erect, enclosing fruit, generally black-glandular; corolla 2--4 mm, white or blue-purple, tube yellow, V-shaped fold present; style 1--2 mm. Fruit: 2--3 mm wide. Seed: 7--15, oblong, in age incurved, worm-like, black or dark-brown, wrinkled. Chromosomes: n=6,12.
Ecology: Canyons, hillsides, rocky crevices, washes, slopes; Elevation: 60--2500 m. Bioregional Distribution: SnJt, SNE, D; Distribution Outside California: to Utah, Texas, Mexico. Flowering Time: Mar--Jun
Synonyms: Phacelia micrantha Torr; Macrocalyx micranthus (Torr.) Coville; Nyctelea micrantha (Torr.) Wooton & Standley; Ellisia micrantha (Torr.) Brand; Phacelia pinetorum M.E. Jones; Eucrypta pinetorum (M.E. Jones) Rydb.; Nyctelea pinetorum (M.E. Jones) Tidestr.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse
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Previous taxon: Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia
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Citation for this treatment: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse 2016. Eucrypta micrantha, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=25305, accessed on July 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on July 29, 2016.


Eucrypta micrantha
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© 2004 James M. Andre
Eucrypta micrantha
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© 2008 Neal Kramer
Eucrypta micrantha
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© 2004 James M. Andre
Eucrypta micrantha
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© 2005 James M. Andre
Eucrypta micrantha
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© 2014 Aaron Schusteff
Eucrypta micrantha
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© 2014 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Eucrypta micrantha in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Eucrypta micrantha:
SnJt, SNE, D;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.