Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Erodium texanum
TEXAS FILAREE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: GeraniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: GERANIUM FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, or +- woody, generally glandular-hairy. Leaf: simple to compound, basal and cauline; cauline alternate or opposite, stipules 2, +- on stem. Inflorescence: cyme or pseudo-umbel or 1--2-flowered. Flower: bisexual [unisexual], radial or +- bilateral; sepals 5, free, overlapping in bud; petals generally 5, free, generally with nectar glands at base; stamens generally 5,10[15]; staminodes scale-like or 0; ovary generally 5-lobed, upper part elongating into beak in fruit, chambers 5, placentas axile, style 1, stigmas 5, free, persistent in fruit. Fruit: septicidal [loculicidal], mericarps 5, dry, generally 1-seeded, each persistent on 1 of 5 linear segments of beak that separate from central column by curving or coiling upward.
Genera In Family: 6 genera, +- 750 species: temperate, +- tropics. Some cultivated for ornamental, perfume oils.
eFlora Treatment Author: Carlos Aedo, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ErodiumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: STORKSBILL, FILAREE
Habit: Annual, perennial herb. Leaf: simple to pinnately compound, cauline opposite; blade lanceolate to reniform in outline, puberulent or short-hairy, base cordate to truncate. Inflorescence: umbel. Flower: radial; stamens 5, free, alternate 5 scale-like staminodes. Fruit: mericarp body indehiscent, fusiform, 1-seeded, base sharply pointed, top generally with 1 pit on each side of beak segment, pits subtended by 1--4 ridges or not; beak segments stiffly hairy adaxially, generally twisted.
Species In Genus: +- 74 species: temperate America, Eurasia, northern Africa, Australia. Etymology: (Greek: heron, from bill-like fruit) Note: Some cultivated for forage, dyes; "beak segments" sometimes called "awns" elsewhere. Erodium macrophyllum moved to genus California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Carlos Aedo & Carmen Navarro

Erodium texanum A. Gray
NATIVE
Habit: Annual, biennial. Stem: prostrate to ascending, 1--5 dm, +- hairy or canescent. Leaf: simple, 1.5--4 cm; blade generally < petiole, ovate to cordate, lobed to deeply lobed, densely puberulent to strigose. Flower: sepals 5--10 mm, tip strigose; petals unequal, 7--15 mm, pink to purple. Fruit: body 5--8 mm, pits inconspicuous or 0, without glands, subtended by 2 glabrous ridges; style column 3--7 cm. Chromosomes: 2n=20.
Ecology: Dry, open sites, scrub; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SnJV, s SCo (rare), PR, D; Distribution Outside California: to Texas, northern Mexico. Flowering Time: Feb--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: Carlos Aedo & Carmen Navarro
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Citation for this treatment: Carlos Aedo & Carmen Navarro 2016. Erodium texanum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=25050, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 04, 2016.


Erodium texanum
click for enlargement
© 2010 Thomas Stoughton
Erodium texanum
click for enlargement
© 2010 Thomas Stoughton
Erodium texanum
click for enlargement
© 2004 James M. Andre
Erodium texanum
click for enlargement
© 2012 Keir Morse
Erodium texanum
click for enlargement
© 2010 Thomas Stoughton
Erodium texanum
click for enlargement
© 2012 Keir Morse

More photos of Erodium texanum in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Erodium texanum:
s SnJV, s SCo (rare), PR, D;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.