Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Erodium cicutarium
REDSTEM FILAREE


Higher Taxonomy
Family: GeraniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: GERANIUM FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, or +- woody, generally glandular-hairy. Leaf: simple to compound, basal and cauline; cauline alternate or opposite, stipules 2, +- on stem. Inflorescence: cyme or pseudo-umbel or 1--2-flowered. Flower: bisexual [unisexual], radial or +- bilateral; sepals 5, free, overlapping in bud; petals generally 5, free, generally with nectar glands at base; stamens generally 5,10[15]; staminodes scale-like or 0; ovary generally 5-lobed, upper part elongating into beak in fruit, chambers 5, placentas axile, style 1, stigmas 5, free, persistent in fruit. Fruit: septicidal [loculicidal], mericarps 5, dry, generally 1-seeded, each persistent on 1 of 5 linear segments of beak that separate from central column by curving or coiling upward.
Genera In Family: 6 genera, +- 750 species: temperate, +- tropics. Some cultivated for ornamental, perfume oils.
eFlora Treatment Author: Carlos Aedo, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ErodiumView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: STORKSBILL, FILAREE
Habit: Annual, perennial herb. Leaf: simple to pinnately compound, cauline opposite; blade lanceolate to reniform in outline, puberulent or short-hairy, base cordate to truncate. Inflorescence: umbel. Flower: radial; stamens 5, free, alternate 5 scale-like staminodes. Fruit: mericarp body indehiscent, fusiform, 1-seeded, base sharply pointed, top generally with 1 pit on each side of beak segment, pits subtended by 1--4 ridges or not; beak segments stiffly hairy adaxially, generally twisted.
Species In Genus: +- 74 species: temperate America, Eurasia, northern Africa, Australia. Etymology: (Greek: heron, from bill-like fruit) Note: Some cultivated for forage, dyes; "beak segments" sometimes called "awns" elsewhere. Erodium macrophyllum moved to genus California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Carlos Aedo & Carmen Navarro
Reference: Fiz et al. 2006 Syst Bot 31:739--763
Unabridged Reference: Guittonneau 1972 Boissiera 20:1--154
Erodium cicutarium (L.) Aiton
NATURALIZED
Habit: Annual. Stem: decumbent to ascending, 1--5 dm, +- glandular-hairy. Leaf: compound; lower 3--10 cm, blade > petiole, ovate to oblanceolate in outline, sparsely hairy; leaflets 9--13, deeply dissected, ultimate segments 1--2 mm wide. Flower: sepals 3--5 mm, tip bristly; petals +- = sepals, pink to purple, base with veins generally darker. Fruit: body 4--7 mm, pits +- round, glabrous, subtended by 1--2 glabrous ridges; style column 2--5 cm. Chromosomes: 2n=20,36,40,42,54,60.
Ecology: Open, disturbed sites, grassland, scrub; Elevation: < 2000 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA; Distribution Outside California: widespread United States; native to Eurasia. Flowering Time: Feb--Sep
Jepson eFlora Author: Carlos Aedo & Carmen Navarro
Reference: Fiz et al. 2006 Syst Bot 31:739--763
Unabridged Reference: Mensing, S., & R. Byrne. 1998. Pre-mission invasion of Erodium cicutarium in California. J Biogeogr 25:757--762
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Botanical illustration including Erodium cicutarium

botanical illustration including Erodium cicutarium

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Citation for this treatment: Carlos Aedo & Carmen Navarro 2012, Erodium cicutarium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=25041, accessed on July 19, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on July 19, 2019.

Erodium cicutarium
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© 2010 James M. Andre
Erodium cicutarium
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© 2007 Carol W. Witham
Erodium cicutarium
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Erodium cicutarium
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© 2012 Neal Kramer
Erodium cicutarium
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© 2007 George W. Hartwell
Erodium cicutarium
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© 2009 Keir Morse

More photos of Erodium cicutarium in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Erodium cicutarium:
CA
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.