Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Eriobotrya japonica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RosaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0--3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0--5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5--many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1--many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1--5. Fruit: 1--many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1--5 stones. Seed: generally 1--5 (per fruit, not per flower).
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornamental, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. Note: Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Daniel Potter, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: EriobotryaView Description 

Common Name: LOQUAT
Habit: Large shrub to tree, unarmed. Leaf: simple, toothed. Inflorescence: terminal panicle; pedicels short, bractlets 0. Flower: hypanthium urn-shaped, bractlets 0; sepals triangular; petals erect [not], +- oblong; stamens +- 20; ovary inferior, carpels 2--5, styles [2--]5, united below. Fruit: pome, hypanthium fleshy, edible or not. Seed: 2--5, large.
Species In Genus: +- 30 species: Southeast Asia. Etymology: (Greek: wool, cluster)
eFlora Treatment Author: James B. Phipps

Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.
Habit: Small tree. Leaf: petiole short; 15--20 cm, lance-oblong, tomentose abaxially, glabrous adaxially, distal 1/2 toothed, tip acute. Inflorescence: peduncle tomentose. Flower: hypanthium 3--4 mm, tomentose; sepals +- 3 cm; petals 8--10 mm, oblong to obovate, white. Fruit: 2--3 cm diam, +- spheric, pale orange-yellow, hairy, flesh sweet. Seed: 3--5, ovoid, black, shiny.
Ecology: Urban areas, gardens; Bioregional Distribution: SnFrB; Distribution Outside California: warm temperate eastern Asia. Note: Commonly cultivated for fruit in warm temperate, subtropics.
eFlora Treatment Author: James B. Phipps
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Citation for this treatment: James B. Phipps 2016. Eriobotrya japonica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Geographic subdivisions for Eriobotrya japonica:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.