Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Equisetum arvense
COMMON HORSETAIL

Higher Taxonomy
Family: EquisetaceaeView Description 

Common Name: HORSETAIL FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from rhizome. Stem: annual to perennial herb, generally erect, of 2 kinds (sterile, fertile) or not; internodes with lengthwise alternating ridges and grooves, hollow except at nodes, branches 0 or whorled, alternate leaves. Leaf: scale-like, whorled, fused into nodal sheath with as many teeth as leaves, generally not green. Sporangia: several on inner surface of peltate scales that are clustered into a terminal cone; spores of 1 kind, spheric, green, unmarked, with 4 strap-like appendages.
Genera In Family: 1 genus, 15 species: worldwide except Australia, New Zealand.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Richard L. Hauke
Scientific Editor: Alan R. Smith, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: EquisetumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: HORSETAIL, SCOURING RUSH

Etymology: (Latin: horse, bristle, from roots of Equisetum fluviatile L.)

Equisetum arvense L.
NATIVE
Stem: annual, of 2 kinds. Sterile Stem: 10--60 cm, green; basal internode of branch > subtending sheath; sheath 3--8.5 mm, +- as long as wide, teeth 6--14, 1.5--3.5 mm, dark, often joined but not fused; branch with 3--4 rounded ridges, solid. Fertile Stem: 11--32 cm, unbranched, fleshy, brown, ephemeral; sheath 5--11 mm, > that of sterile stem, teeth 6--10, 3--7.5 mm.
Ecology: Streambanks, wet meadows, springs, other wet, shaded places; Elevation: < 3050 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW (exc NCoRH), CaR, SN (exc Teh), GV, CCo, SnFrB, SCoRO, SW (exc ChI), MP, SNE, DMoj (exc DMtns); Distribution Outside California: North America, Europe, Asia.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Richard L. Hauke
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Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Richard L. Hauke 2016. Equisetum arvense, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=24416, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 30, 2016.


Equisetum arvense
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© 2004 George W. Hartwell
Equisetum arvense
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© 2013 Neal Kramer
Equisetum arvense
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© 2010 Keir Morse
Equisetum arvense
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© 2002 Tony Morosco
Equisetum arvense
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© 2012 Neal Kramer
Equisetum arvense
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© 2008 Keir Morse

More photos of Equisetum arvense in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Equisetum arvense:
NW (exc NCoRH), CaR, SN (exc Teh), GV, CCo, SnFrB, SCoRO, SW (exc ChI), MP, SNE, DMoj (exc DMtns);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.