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|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Index to accepted names and synonyms:
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|Family: Orchidaceae||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Epipactis||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz
Habit: Plant 40--100 cm. Leaf: 6--10 cm, lanceolate to ovate, green, white, or pink. Inflorescence: flowers few--20; flower bract linear to narrow-lanceolate. Flower: sepals +- green, often purple-tinged or -striped; lateral petals 8--11 mm, lip proximally white to +- pink outside, brown to +- purple inside, distally white to +- pink; column 3--5 mm. Fruit: 1--1.5 cm. Chromosomes: 2n=36,38,40,44.
Ecology: Generally dry slopes, roadcuts, mixed-conifer forest; Elevation: < 1300 m. Bioregional Distribution: s NCoRO, s NCoRI, c SNH, CCo, SnFrB, expected elsewhere; Distribution Outside California: to eastern Canada, central and northeastern United States; native to Europe. Flowering Time: Apr--Dec
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald A. Coleman, Dieter H. Wilken & William F. Jennings
Jepson Online Interchange
Previous taxon: Epipactis gigantea
Next taxon: Goodyera
Citation for this treatment: Ronald A. Coleman, Dieter H. Wilken & William F. Jennings 2016. Epipactis helleborine, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=24407, accessed on May 27, 2016.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 27, 2016.