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Dudleya edulis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CrassulaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub [(+- tree-like or climbing)], fleshy. Leaf: generally simple, alternate or opposite, in dense to open, basal (or terminal) rosettes or basal and cauline, not in rosettes, reduced distally or not, margin often +- red. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted. Flower: generally bisexual; sepals generally 3--5, generally +- free; petals generally 3--5, +- free or fused; stamens >> to = sepals, epipetalous or not; pistils generally 3--5, simple, fused at base or not, ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1--many, style 1. Fruit: follicles, generally 3--5. Seed: 1--many, small.
Genera In Family: +- 33 genera, +- 1400 species: +- worldwide, especially dry temperate; many cultivated for ornamental. Note: Water-stressed plants often +- brown or +- red. Consistent terminology regarding leaves, bracts difficult; in taxa with rosettes (e.g., Aeonium, Dudleya, some Sedum), structures in rosettes are leaves, those on peduncles are bracts, and those subtending flowers are flower bracts; in taxa where inflorescence is terminal, rosette leaves may "become" bracts as stem rapidly elongates to form inflorescence. Seed numbers given per follicle.
eFlora Treatment Author: Steve Boyd, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: DudleyaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, fleshy, glabrous, bisexual. Stem: generally caudex- or corm-like, branched or not, +- covered with dried leaves. Leaf: in rosettes, evergreen or +- deciduous in summer (withering, falling or not), waxy or not, base wounding purple-red (yellow) or generally not. Inflorescence: cyme; flower bracts +- subtending pedicels, < bracts; bracts alternate. Flower: sepals 5, fused below; petals 5, fused at base, erect to spreading above; stamens 10, epipetalous; carpels 5, +- fused below. Fruit: follicles 5, erect to spreading, many-seeded. Seed: < 1 mm, narrowly ovoid, brown, striate.
Species In Genus: +- 46 species: southwestern North America; some used as groundcover or cultivated for ornamental. Etymology: (W.R. Dudley, 1st head of Botany Department, Stanford University, 1849--1911) Note: Fruit just before opening generally most reliable for orientation; insect damage may cause branching in taxa characterized as non-branching.
Unabridged Note: Whether or not leaves of Dudleya cymosa subsp. costatifolia, Dudleya saxosa subsp. saxosa, Dudleya variegata wound purple-red, red, yellow, or some other color at base when removed is evidently unknown.
eFlora Treatment Author: Stephen Ward McCabe

Dudleya edulis (Nutt.) Moran
Habit: Cespitose, generally < 3 cm between branches; rosettes 1--16, 5--10(20) cm wide. Stem: 1.5--4.5 cm wide. Leaf: evergreen, 8--20 cm, 4--10 mm wide, +- cylindric except at base, lightly covered with thin, translucent wax, appearing olive-green, base +- wounding yellow, 1.5--3 cm wide, tip acute. Inflorescence: open, peduncle 10--50 cm, 3--10 mm wide; 1° branches several, branched 1--2 ×; terminal branches 4--10 cm, 3--11-flowered; pedicels 1--2 mm. Flower: sepals 2.5--4.5 mm, oblong-ovate; petals 7--10 mm, 2--3 mm wide, fused 1--2 mm, elliptic-oblong, acute, spreading or +- reflexed from middle, white-cream; styles 1--2 mm. Fruit: 45--60° < erect, strongly swollen at base. Chromosomes: 2n=34.
Ecology: On soil, rocky slopes, ledges; Elevation: < 1300 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, PR; Distribution Outside California: northern Baja California. Flowering Time: May--Jul Note: Hybrids with Dudleya stolonifera, Dudleya blochmaniae suspected.
eFlora Treatment Author: Stephen Ward McCabe
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botanical illustration including Dudleya edulis


Citation for this treatment: Stephen Ward McCabe 2016. Dudleya edulis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 28, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 28, 2016.

Dudleya edulis
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© 2009 Aaron Schusteff
Dudleya edulis
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© 2015 Barry Rice
Dudleya edulis
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© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Dudleya edulis
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© 2014 Barry Rice
Dudleya edulis
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© 2015 Barry Rice
Dudleya edulis
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© 1996 Christopher L. Christie

More photos of Dudleya edulis in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Dudleya edulis:
SCo, PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.