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Drosanthemum floribundum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AizoaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: FIG-MARIGOLD or ICEPLANT FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy. Stem: underground to erect; root fibrous or tuberous. Leaf: generally simple, entire, flat, cylindric, 3-angled, or scale-like, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; blade papillate, pubescent, or generally glabrous, often glaucous. Inflorescence: cyme or 1-flowered, generally terminal. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals (3)5(8), often unequal; petals 0 or many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear; stamens 1--many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1--20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0--20. Fruit: berry, nut, or generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile. Seed: 1--many per chamber, generally ovoid, arilled or not.
Genera In Family: 130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropics, especially southern Africa; many cultivated. Note: Galenia pubescens (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Druce, a waif, may be naturalizing in southern California.
Unabridged Note: Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus (ovary glands convex, minute-crenate; stigmas dense-plumose; fruit chambers 5; seeds ovate, +- smooth), of tribe Ruschieae, an historical waif in California; Lampranthus coccineus (Haw.) N.E. Br.: (ovary glands fused; fruit chambers 5; seeds pear-shaped, +- black, rough), of Ruschieae, an historical waif or urban weed in California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Nancy J. Vivrette, John Bleck & Wayne R. Ferren, Jr., family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: DrosanthemumView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, papillate. Stem: prostrate [to erect], generally rough. Leaf: opposite, 4-ranked, [1]1.2--1.4[2.5] cm, 2.5 mm wide, linear, triangular to round in ×-section, often papillate. Inflorescence: flowers 1 [few in cyme]. Flower: 1.8[3.5] cm diam; sepals generally 5, equal; petals in 1--2 whorls, free; outer stamens sterile, inner erect; nectaries separate; ovary +- inferior, top flat or convex, chambers 4--6, placentas parietal, stigmas 4--6, thread-like. Fruit: capsule, valves not separating; flaps present. Seed: light brown, rough.
Species In Genus: +- 105 species: southern Africa. Etymology: (Greek: dew flower) Note: Drosanthemum hispidum (L.) Schwantes (indicated as a waif in California in TJM (1993)) occasionally collected in California but only from cultivation.
Unabridged Note: Drosanthemum hispidum (L.) Schwantes (indicated as a waif in California in TJM (1993)), Drosanthemum speciosum (Haw.) Schwantes occasionally collected in California but only from cultivation.
eFlora Treatment Author: John Bleck

Drosanthemum floribundum (Haw.) Schwantes
NATURALIZED
Stem: mat-forming, thin; older nodes rooting. Leaf: cylindric, +- curved, wider toward tip, light green. Inflorescence: 1-flowered; pedicels 2--3 cm. Flower: sepals +- 3--4 mm, linear, obtuse; petals 8--9 mm, generally pink or pale purple. Seed: 0.5 mm.
Ecology: Uncommon. Coastal habitats; Elevation: < 35 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, CCo, SCo, ChI; Distribution Outside California: northern Mexico; native to southern Africa. Flowering Time: Apr--Jul
Synonyms: Mesembryanthemum floribundum Haw.
eFlora Treatment Author: John Bleck
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Citation for this treatment: John Bleck 2016. Drosanthemum floribundum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=23473, accessed on April 28, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 28, 2016.


Drosanthemum floribundum
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer
Drosanthemum floribundum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer
Drosanthemum floribundum
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer
Drosanthemum floribundum
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer
Drosanthemum floribundum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer

More photos of Drosanthemum floribundum in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Drosanthemum floribundum:
NCo, CCo, SCo, ChI;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.