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Vascular Plants of California
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Drosanthemum floribundum


Higher Taxonomy
Family: AizoaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: FIG-MARIGOLD or ICEPLANT FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy. Stem: underground to erect; root fibrous or tuberous. Leaf: generally simple, entire, flat, cylindric, 3-angled, or scale-like, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; blade papillate, pubescent, or generally glabrous, often glaucous. Inflorescence: cyme or 1-flowered, generally terminal. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals (3)5(8), often unequal; petals 0 or many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear; stamens 1--many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1--20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0--20. Fruit: berry, nut, or generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile. Seed: 1--many per chamber, generally ovoid, arilled or not.
Genera In Family: 130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropics, especially southern Africa; many cultivated. Note: Galenia pubescens (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Druce, a waif, may be naturalizing in southern California.
Unabridged Note: Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus (ovary glands convex, minute-crenate; stigmas dense-plumose; fruit chambers 5; seeds ovate, +- smooth), of tribe Ruschieae, an historical waif in California; Lampranthus coccineus (Haw.) N.E. Br.: (ovary glands fused; fruit chambers 5; seeds pear-shaped, +- black, rough), of Ruschieae, an historical waif or urban weed in California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Nancy J. Vivrette, John Bleck & Wayne R. Ferren, Jr., family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: DrosanthemumView Description 


Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, papillate. Stem: prostrate [to erect], generally rough. Leaf: opposite, 4-ranked, [1]1.2--1.4[2.5] cm, 2.5 mm wide, linear, triangular to round in ×-section, often papillate. Inflorescence: flowers 1 [few in cyme]. Flower: 1.8[3.5] cm diam; sepals generally 5, equal; petals in 1--2 whorls, free; outer stamens sterile, inner erect; nectaries separate; ovary +- inferior, top flat or convex, chambers 4--6, placentas parietal, stigmas 4--6, thread-like. Fruit: capsule, valves not separating; flaps present. Seed: light brown, rough.
Species In Genus: +- 105 species: southern Africa. Etymology: (Greek: dew flower) Note: Drosanthemum hispidum (L.) Schwantes (indicated as a waif in California in TJM (1993)) occasionally collected in California but only from cultivation.
Unabridged Note: Drosanthemum hispidum (L.) Schwantes (indicated as a waif in California in TJM (1993)), Drosanthemum speciosum (Haw.) Schwantes occasionally collected in California but only from cultivation.
eFlora Treatment Author: John Bleck
Drosanthemum floribundum (Haw.) Schwantes
NATURALIZED
Stem: mat-forming, thin; older nodes rooting. Leaf: cylindric, +- curved, wider toward tip, light green. Inflorescence: 1-flowered; pedicels 2--3 cm. Flower: sepals +- 3--4 mm, linear, obtuse; petals 8--9 mm, generally pink or pale purple. Seed: 0.5 mm.
Ecology: Uncommon. Coastal habitats; Elevation: < 35 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, CCo, SCo, ChI; Distribution Outside California: northern Mexico; native to southern Africa. Flowering Time: Apr--Jul
Synonyms: Mesembryanthemum floribundum Haw.
Jepson eFlora Author: John Bleck
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Citation for this treatment: John Bleck 2012, Drosanthemum floribundum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=23473, accessed on August 17, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 17, 2019.

Drosanthemum floribundum
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer
Drosanthemum floribundum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer
Drosanthemum floribundum
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer
Drosanthemum floribundum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer
Drosanthemum floribundum
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer

More photos of Drosanthemum floribundum in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Drosanthemum floribundum:
NCo, CCo, SCo, ChI
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.