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    Vascular Plants of California
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Dopatrium junceum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Diplacus, Erythranthe, Limosella, Mimetanthe, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: DopatriumView Description 

Habit: Annual, fleshy. Stem: erect. Leaf: opposite, sessile to short-petioled, fleshy. Inflorescence: flower 1 in axils; proximal bracts leaf-like, distal scale-like. Flower: calyx 5-lobed; corolla 2-lipped, yellow or pale blue to lavender, upper lip erect, 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed, middle lobe > lateral, tube cylindric, > lobes; fertile stamens 2, anther sacs of each stamen touching, not parallel, staminodes 2. Fruit: loculicidal, spheric.
Species In Genus: +- 14 species: Africa, Asia, Australia. Etymology: (Latin: aboriginal name)
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Margriet Wetherwax
Unabridged Reference: Fischer 1997 Nord J Bot 17:527--555

Dopatrium junceum (Roxb.) Buch.-Ham. ex Benth.
Habit: Glabrous except pedicels. Stem: 10--30 cm. Leaf: basal few, 10--25 mm, 2--10 mm wide, oblong, tip obtuse; cauline leaves and bracts lance-linear, 2--7 mm, 0.5--2 mm wide. Inflorescence: proximal flowers cleistogamous, sessile; distal flowers open; pedicels 4--11 mm, sparsely glandular, spreading in fruit. Flower: calyx 1--2 mm, lobes fused to middle, tips obtuse; corolla 4--7 mm, pale blue to lavender, tube slightly > calyx. Fruit: +- 2 mm. Seed: net-like.
Ecology: Uncommon. Emergent in drying wetlands; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: ScV; Distribution Outside California: native to Africa, Asia, Australia. Flowering Time: Jun--Sep Note: Introduced with rice cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Margriet Wetherwax
Unabridged Reference: Fischer 1997 Nord J Bot 17:527--555
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botanical illustration including Dopatrium junceum


Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Margriet Wetherwax 2012, Dopatrium junceum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 23, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 23, 2018.

Geographic subdivisions for Dopatrium junceum:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.