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Dichelostemma volubile
TWINING BRODIAEA, SNAKE LILY

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ThemidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BRODIAEA FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1--10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2--4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2--several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 10--11 genera, 60--70 species: western North America.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: DichelostemmaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Daughter corms generally sessile. Leaf: 2--5, generally keeled, entire, glabrous, occasionally withered by flowering. Inflorescence: raceme- or umbel-like, generally dense; scape generally curved, twisted, or twining, cylindric; bracts +- papery; pedicels generally < flowers. Flower: perianth tube cylindric to bell-shaped, appendages at junction of tube, lobes forming crown; staminodes 0 (3, stamen-like); stamens 3, equal, or 6, unequal, 3 smaller, filaments fused to perianth tube, forming crown-like tube outside anthers, anthers attached at base; style 1, stigma weakly 3-lobed. Fruit: generally sessile, generally ovoid, 3-angled. Seed: sharp-angled, black-crusted.
Species In Genus: 5 species: western United States, especially northern California, northern Mexico. Etymology: (Greek: toothed crown, from perianth appendages)
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator

Dichelostemma volubile (Kellogg) A. Heller
NATIVE
Leaf: 3--4, 30--70 cm, keeled. Inflorescence: umbel-like, dense; scape 40--150 cm, twining, scabrous; bracts 12--15 mm, wide-ovate, acute, +- pink; pedicels 10--40 mm; flowers 6--30, occasionally horizontal in flower, erect in fruit. Flower: perianth pink (white), tube 5--7 mm, +- spheric, narrowed above ovary, angles 6, sac-like, lobes +- spreading (ascending in fruit), 5--7 mm, crown folding inward toward, hiding anthers, 3--4 mm, narrow-lanceolate, white; staminodes 3, alternate stamens, +- 3 mm, linear-oblong, stamen-like, cream-white, ciliate-dentate, tip generally notched; stamens 3, anthers 3--4 mm; ovary 4--5 mm, +- spheric, stalk 0 or short, style 3--4 mm. Chromosomes: n=9,18.
Ecology: Foothill woodland, chaparral scrub; Elevation: 100--1600 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRI, CaRF, SNF. Flowering Time: May--Jun
Synonyms: Macroscapa volubilis Kellogg; Brodiaea californica (Torr.) Jeps. 1911, not Lindl. 1849; Brodiaea volubilis (Kellogg) Baker; Dichelostemma californicum (Torr.) Alph. Wood; Hookera volubilis (Kellogg) Jeps.; Rupalleya volubilis (Kellogg) Morière; Stropholirion californicum Torr.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator
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Citation for this treatment: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator 2016. Dichelostemma volubile, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=22855, accessed on February 06, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 06, 2016.


Dichelostemma volubile
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© 2008 George W. Hartwell
Dichelostemma volubile
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© 2015 Barry Rice
Dichelostemma volubile
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© 2008 Steve Matson
Dichelostemma volubile
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Dichelostemma volubile
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© 2010 Barry Breckling
Dichelostemma volubile
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© 2015 Barry Breckling

More photos of Dichelostemma volubile in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Dichelostemma volubile:
NCoRI, CaRF, SNF.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.