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Vascular Plants of California
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Dichelostemma multiflorum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ThemidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1--10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2--4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2--several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 10--11 genera, 60--70 species: western North America.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: DichelostemmaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Daughter corms generally sessile. Leaf: 2--5, generally keeled, entire, glabrous, occasionally withered by flowering. Inflorescence: raceme- or umbel-like, generally dense; scape generally curved, twisted, or twining, cylindric; bracts +- papery; pedicels generally < flowers. Flower: perianth tube cylindric to bell-shaped, appendages at junction of tube, lobes forming crown; staminodes 0 (3, stamen-like); stamens 3, equal, or 6, unequal, 3 smaller, filaments fused to perianth tube, forming crown-like tube outside anthers, anthers attached at base; style 1, stigma weakly 3-lobed. Fruit: generally sessile, generally ovoid, 3-angled. Seed: sharp-angled, black-crusted.
Species In Genus: 5 species: western United States, especially northern California, northern Mexico. Etymology: (Greek: toothed crown, from perianth appendages)
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator
Reference: Keator 1992 Four Seasons 9:24--39
Dichelostemma multiflorum (Benth.) A. Heller
Leaf: 3--4, 30--85 cm, glaucous, unkeeled. Inflorescence: umbel-like, dense; scape 20--90 cm, scabrous; bracts 7--12 mm, ovate, acuminate, streaked purple; pedicels 3--15 mm; flowers 6--35, erect. Flower: perianth pink- to blue-purple, tube 8--10 mm, +- cylindric, narrowed above ovary, tough, persistent in fruit, lobes spreading, 8--10 mm, crown erect, arching inward toward anthers, outward at tip, 5--6 mm, truncate to rounded, entire to minute-dentate, inrolled, white or pale purple; stamens 3, anthers 4--5 mm; ovary sessile, 4--6 mm, spheric, style 5--8 mm. Chromosomes: n=9,18,27; 2n=45.
Ecology: Foothill grassland, open woodland, scrub; Elevation: < 2000 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, n&c SN, ScV, SnFrB (uncommon), MP; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: May--Jun
Synonyms: Brodiaea multiflora Benth.; Brodiaea grandiflora Sm. var. brachypoda Torr.; Brodiaea parviflora Torr. & A. Gray; Dichelostemma parviflorum (Torr. & A. Gray) Keator; Hookera multiflora (Benth.) Britten; Hookera parviflora (Torr. & A. Gray) Kuntze;
Jepson eFlora Author: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator
Reference: Keator 1992 Four Seasons 9:24--39
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Botanical illustration including Dichelostemma multiflorum

botanical illustration including Dichelostemma multiflorum


Citation for this treatment: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator 2012, Dichelostemma multiflorum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 14, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 14, 2018.

Dichelostemma multiflorum
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© 2004 Carol W. Witham
Dichelostemma multiflorum
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© 2006 George W. Hartwell
Dichelostemma multiflorum
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© 2008 Steve Matson
Dichelostemma multiflorum
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© 2004 Carol W. Witham
Dichelostemma multiflorum
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© 2016 Steve Matson
Dichelostemma multiflorum
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© 2015 Neal Kramer

More photos of Dichelostemma multiflorum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Dichelostemma multiflorum:
NW, n&c SN, ScV, SnFrB (uncommon), MP;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.