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    Vascular Plants of California
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Cypselea humifusa

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AizoaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy. Stem: underground to erect; root fibrous or tuberous. Leaf: generally simple, entire, flat, cylindric, 3-angled, or scale-like, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; blade papillate, pubescent, or generally glabrous, often glaucous. Inflorescence: cyme or 1-flowered, generally terminal. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals (3)5(8), often unequal; petals 0 or many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear; stamens 1--many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1--20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0--20. Fruit: berry, nut, or generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile. Seed: 1--many per chamber, generally ovoid, arilled or not.
Genera In Family: 130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropics, especially southern Africa; many cultivated. Note: Galenia pubescens (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Druce, a waif, may be naturalizing in southern California.
Unabridged Note: Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus (ovary glands convex, minute-crenate; stigmas dense-plumose; fruit chambers 5; seeds ovate, +- smooth), of tribe Ruschieae, an historical waif in California; Lampranthus coccineus (Haw.) N.E. Br.: (ovary glands fused; fruit chambers 5; seeds pear-shaped, +- black, rough), of Ruschieae, an historical waif or urban weed in California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Nancy J. Vivrette, John Bleck & Wayne R. Ferren, Jr., family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CypseleaView Description 

Habit: Annual [perennial herb], mat-forming, glabrous. Stem: prostrate, branched. Leaf: opposite, petioled; stipule sheathing stem, scarious, fringed, attached to lower petiole margins. Inflorescence: 1-flowered, axillary; bracts fringed. Flower: calyx bell-shaped, sepals 4--5, unequal, scarious; petals 0; stamens generally 3, alternate sepals; ovary superior, ovoid to spheric, chamber 1, placenta free-central, styles, stigmas (1)2. Fruit: capsule, circumscissile. Seed: many; aril slender, persistent on placenta.
Species In Genus: 3 species: Caribbean, South America. Etymology: (Greek: beehive)
eFlora Treatment Author: Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.

Cypselea humifusa Turpin
Habit: Mats < 2 cm wide. Stem: slender, diffuse-branched from base. Leaf: pair unequal, axil of smaller with stem, flower, or generally both, with flower between main and axillary stem; blade +- = petiole, larger 5--10 mm, elliptic, obtuse. Flower: +- 2 mm diam; sepals +- 1.5 mm, erect, ovate, +- green, margin scarious, white. Fruit: 1.5 mm, +- spheric, thin-walled. Seed: +- 0.3 mm, round-reniform, smooth, brown.
Ecology: Uncommon. Seasonally dry margins of wetlands; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoR, GV, SnFrB, SCoR, PR; Distribution Outside California: to Nevada, southeastern United States; native to Caribbean, South America. Flowering Time: Jul--Oct
Jepson eFlora Author: Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.
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botanical illustration including Cypselea humifusa


Citation for this treatment: Wayne R. Ferren, Jr. 2012, Cypselea humifusa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 09, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 09, 2018.

Cypselea humifusa
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© 2018 Vernon Smith

More photos of Cypselea humifusa in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Cypselea humifusa:
NCoR, GV, SnFrB, SCoR, PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.