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Cypselea humifusa

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AizoaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy. Stem: underground to erect; root fibrous or tuberous. Leaf: generally simple, entire, flat, cylindric, 3-angled, or scale-like, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; blade papillate, pubescent, or generally glabrous, often glaucous. Inflorescence: cyme or 1-flowered, generally terminal. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals (3)5(8), often unequal; petals 0 or many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear; stamens 1--many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1--20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0--20. Fruit: berry, nut, or generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile. Seed: 1--many per chamber, generally ovoid, arilled or not.
Genera In Family: 130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropics, especially southern Africa; many cultivated. Note: Galenia pubescens (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Druce, a waif, may be naturalizing in southern California.
Unabridged Note: Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus (ovary glands convex, minute-crenate; stigmas dense-plumose; fruit chambers 5; seeds ovate, +- smooth), of tribe Ruschieae, an historical waif in California; Lampranthus coccineus (Haw.) N.E. Br.: (ovary glands fused; fruit chambers 5; seeds pear-shaped, +- black, rough), of Ruschieae, an historical waif or urban weed in California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Nancy J. Vivrette, John Bleck & Wayne R. Ferren, Jr., family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CypseleaView Description 

Habit: Annual [perennial herb], mat-forming, glabrous. Stem: prostrate, branched. Leaf: opposite, petioled; stipule sheathing stem, scarious, fringed, attached to lower petiole margins. Inflorescence: 1-flowered, axillary; bracts fringed. Flower: calyx bell-shaped, sepals 4--5, unequal, scarious; petals 0; stamens generally 3, alternate sepals; ovary superior, ovoid to spheric, chamber 1, placenta free-central, styles, stigmas (1)2. Fruit: capsule, circumscissile. Seed: many; aril slender, persistent on placenta.
Species In Genus: 3 species: Caribbean, South America. Etymology: (Greek: beehive)
eFlora Treatment Author: Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.

Cypselea humifusa Turpin
Habit: Mats < 2 cm wide. Stem: slender, diffuse-branched from base. Leaf: pair unequal, axil of smaller with stem, flower, or generally both, with flower between main and axillary stem; blade +- = petiole, larger 5--10 mm, elliptic, obtuse. Flower: +- 2 mm diam; sepals +- 1.5 mm, erect, ovate, +- green, margin scarious, white. Fruit: 1.5 mm, +- spheric, thin-walled. Seed: +- 0.3 mm, round-reniform, smooth, brown.
Ecology: Uncommon. Seasonally dry margins of wetlands; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoR, GV, SnFrB, SCoR, PR; Distribution Outside California: to Nevada, southeastern United States; native to Caribbean, South America. Flowering Time: Jul--Oct
eFlora Treatment Author: Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.
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botanical illustration including Cypselea humifusa


Citation for this treatment: Wayne R. Ferren, Jr. 2016. Cypselea humifusa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Geographic subdivisions for Cypselea humifusa:
NCoR, GV, SnFrB, SCoR, PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.