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Cymbalaria muralis
KENILWORTH IVY

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PLANTAIN FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CymbalariaView Description 

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, glabrous to hairy. Stem: decumbent or vine-like. Leaf: proximal generally opposite, distal alternate, long-petioled; blade round to reniform, entire to palmately lobed; veins palmate. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in leaf axils. Flower: calyx lobes 5, deep, +- unequal; corolla tube with conic or cylindric spur at base, lower lip base swollen, closing mouth. Fruit: spheric; chambers dehiscent by several slits radiating from tip. Seed: many, generally ridged or tubercled. Chromosomes: n=7.
Species In Genus: +- 8 species: especially Mediterranean. Etymology: (Latin: round leaves)
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & David M. Thompson

Cymbalaria muralis G. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb.
NATURALIZED
Leaf: 1--3 cm wide, lobes 5--9, moderately shallow, rounded to triangular, often abruptly pointed. Flower: calyx 2--2.5 mm; corolla 9--15 mm, pale lilac to violet, spur 1--3 mm, cylindric, lower lip base +- yellow. Fruit: +- 4 mm, glabrous, pedicel growing away from light. Chromosomes: n=7.
Ecology: Rock walls, shady, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 1000 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, CCo, SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to Mediterranean. Flowering Time: May--Sep Note: Cult as ornamental.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & David M. Thompson
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Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax & David M. Thompson 2016. Cymbalaria muralis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=21640, accessed on May 27, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 27, 2016.


Cymbalaria muralis
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© 2011 Neal Kramer
Cymbalaria muralis
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© 2015 Larry Blakely
Cymbalaria muralis
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© 2015 Larry Blakely

More photos of Cymbalaria muralis in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Cymbalaria muralis:
NCo, CCo, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.