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Vascular Plants of California
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Cucumis myriocarpus
PADDY MELON


Higher Taxonomy
Family: CucurbitaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: GOURD FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb; hairs often hard from calcium deposits; generally monoecious. Stem: trailing or climbing, 1--many; tendril generally 1 per node, often branched. Leaf: generally simple, alternate, generally palmate-lobed and -veined, petioled; stipules 0. Inflorescence: at nodes; staminate flowers in racemes, panicles, small clusters, (or 1); pistillate flowers generally 1. Flower: unisexual [bisexual], radial; hypanthium > ovary; calyx generally 5-lobed (or +- 0); corolla rotate to cup- or bell-shaped, generally 5-lobed; stamens 3--5 (or +- 1--3 from fusion), anthers twisted together, often > filaments; ovary +- inferior, chambers 3--5, placentas parietal, styles 1--3, stigmas generally lobed, large. Fruit: berry, drying or not, or capsule, irregularly dehiscent, often gourd- or melon-like. Seed: 1--many.
Genera In Family: 100 genera, 700 species: especially tropics; some cultivated (Citrullus, watermelon; Cucumis, cucumber; Cucurbita, gourd, pumpkin, squash; Luffa, loofah; Sechium, chayote). Note: Several cultivated species included Bryonia dioica reported as waifs in California (Howell 1958 Wasmann J Biol 16:1--157), but none recently.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Robert L. Schlising
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CucumisView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: CUCUMBER, MELON
Habit: Annual. Stem: generally scabrous; tendril unbranched. Leaf: angular to +- palmately lobed; 1° lobes +- entire to irregularly lobed. Inflorescence: staminate flowers 1--several per node; pistillate flowers generally 1, at different nodes. Flower: corolla 2--3 cm wide, rotate or shallowly cup-shaped, yellow, deeply 5-lobed, fused part < 1 cm; anthers 3, free; stigmas 3--5, +- reniform. Fruit: gourd- or melon-like, indehiscent, cylindric to spheric; rind firm, net-veined, prickles 0 or weak; pulp green-white to orange. Seed: many, < 1 cm, +- flat; margin smooth.
Species In Genus: +- 40 species: Africa, southern Asia. Etymology: (Greek: cucumber)
Reference: Renner et al. 2007 BMC Evol Biol 7:58--69
Unabridged Reference: Schaefer 2007 Blumea 52:165--177; Ghebretinsae et al. 2007 Amer J Bot 94:1256--1266; McVaugh 2001 Cucumis In W.R. Anderson (ed), Flora Novo-Galiciana 3:504--509, Univ Michigan Herbarium, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Kirkbride 1993 Biosystematic Monograph of the Genus Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae), Parkway Publishers, Boone, North Carolina
Cucumis myriocarpus Naudin
NATURALIZED
Fruit: +- spheric, yellow-green, green-striped. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Fields, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 300 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SCoRO (Santa Barbara Co.); Distribution Outside California: native to southern Africa. Flowering Time: Mar--Sep
Jepson eFlora Author: John M. Miller & Robert L. Schlising
Reference: Renner et al. 2007 BMC Evol Biol 7:58--69
Unabridged Reference: Schaefer 2007 Blumea 52:165--177; Ghebretinsae et al. 2007 Amer J Bot 94:1256--1266; McVaugh 2001 Cucumis In W.R. Anderson (ed), Flora Novo-Galiciana 3:504--509, Univ Michigan Herbarium, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Kirkbride 1993 Biosystematic Monograph of the Genus Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae), Parkway Publishers, Boone, North Carolina
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botanical illustration including Cucumis myriocarpus

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Citation for this treatment: John M. Miller & Robert L. Schlising 2012, Cucumis myriocarpus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=21358, accessed on August 18, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 18, 2019.

No expert verified images found for Cucumis myriocarpus.



Geographic subdivisions for Cucumis myriocarpus:
s SCoRO (Santa Barbara Co.)
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.