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Crassula connata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CrassulaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub [(+- tree-like or climbing)], fleshy. Leaf: generally simple, alternate or opposite, in dense to open, basal (or terminal) rosettes or basal and cauline, not in rosettes, reduced distally or not, margin often +- red. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted. Flower: generally bisexual; sepals generally 3--5, generally +- free; petals generally 3--5, +- free or fused; stamens >> to = sepals, epipetalous or not; pistils generally 3--5, simple, fused at base or not, ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1--many, style 1. Fruit: follicles, generally 3--5. Seed: 1--many, small.
Genera In Family: +- 33 genera, +- 1400 species: +- worldwide, especially dry temperate; many cultivated for ornamental. Note: Water-stressed plants often +- brown or +- red. Consistent terminology regarding leaves, bracts difficult; in taxa with rosettes (e.g., Aeonium, Dudleya, some Sedum), structures in rosettes are leaves, those on peduncles are bracts, and those subtending flowers are flower bracts; in taxa where inflorescence is terminal, rosette leaves may "become" bracts as stem rapidly elongates to form inflorescence. Seed numbers given per follicle.
eFlora Treatment Author: Steve Boyd, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CrassulaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous (hairy). Stem: erect to decumbent, branched or not. Leaf: opposite, 0.1--7 cm, linear to deltate or obovate, bases fused, +- sheathing; margins generally entire. Inflorescence: terminal panicle or flowers 1 in axils of leaves, either 2 per node, axillary, or 1 per node, terminal but appearing axillary by overtopping of main axis. Flower: erect, sepals 3--5, +- fused at base; petals 3--5, spreading or recurved, free or +- fused at base; stamens = sepals in number; pistils 3--5. Fruit: spreading to erect. Seed: 0.2--0.6 mm, elliptic to elliptic-oblong (spheric, reniform), generally with longitudinal lines, sometimes +- smooth or papillate, red-brown. Chromosomes: x=(7)8.
Species In Genus: +- 250 species: especially Africa, annual +- worldwide. Etymology: (Latin: diminutive of thick) Note: Crassula argentea Thunb., a synonym of Crassula ovata (Mill.) Druce, a waif.

Crassula connata (Ruiz & Pav.) A. Berger
Habit: Annual, terrestrial. Stem: erect, 2--6(10) cm, branched or not, not rooting at nodes, red in age. Leaf: 1--3(6) mm, ovate to oblong; tip acute to rounded, without awn or point. Inflorescence: flowers (1)2 per node; pedicel 0.2--6 mm. Flower: parts generally in 4s; sepals 0.5--2 mm, lanceolate, acute to acuminate; petals generally < sepals, 0.6--1.2(1.5) mm, narrow-deltate. Fruit: ascending, ovoid. Seed: 1--2, elliptic, shiny, with +- wavy longitudinal lines at 20×. Chromosomes: 2n=16.
Ecology: Open areas; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaRF, SNF, GV, CW, SW, w DMoj, DSon; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, southern British Columbia, Texas, northern Central America; also western South America. Flowering Time: Feb--May Note: Locally abundant.
Synonyms: Crassula connata var. connata; Crassula connata var. erectoides M. Bywater & Wickens; Crassula connata var. eremica (Jeps.) M. Bywater & Wickens; Crassula connata var. subsimplex (S. Watson) M. Bywater & Wickens; Crassula erecta (Hook & Arn.) Berger; Tillaea erecta Hook. & Arn.
eFlora Treatment Author: Steve Boyd
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botanical illustration including Crassula connata


Citation for this treatment: Steve Boyd 2016. Crassula connata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Crassula connata
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Crassula connata
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© 2007 Carol W. Witham
Crassula connata
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© 2008 Thomas Stoughton
Crassula connata
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© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Crassula connata
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© 2003 Steve Matson
Crassula connata
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© 2010 Thomas Stoughton

More photos of Crassula connata in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Crassula connata:
NW, CaRF, SNF, GV, CW, SW, w DMoj, DSon;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.