Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Cordylanthus ramosus

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BROOMRAPE FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CordylanthusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BIRD'S-BEAK
Habit: Annual, gray- or yellow-green, often becoming red-purple, generally much-branched; roots +- yellow. Leaf: sessile, entire, thread-like to lanceolate or palmately 3--7-lobed, segments narrow. Inflorescence: short dense spike (subtended by bracts), < 2(5) cm or flowers 1, scattered or often clustered but not in spikes (each subtended by outer bract); outer bracts +- leaf-like; inner bract calyx-like (formerly confused with calyx), 0--7-lobed. Flower: calyx sheath-like, generally divided to base abaxially, partially surrounding corolla tube laterally, tip entire or shallowly notched; corolla club-shaped, tubular proximally, expanded laterally; upper corolla lip folded lengthwise, tip rounded, closed, opening directed downwards forming a hood enclosing anthers, style; lower corolla lip <= upper lip, obscurely 3-lobed, middle lobe tightly rolled under, tip distinctly folded inside-out; fertile stamens (2)4, anther sacs generally 2 per stamen, densely hairy at both ends and ciliate along line of dehiscence, unequal in size and placement; style bent near tip, stigma barely exserted. Seed: attached at side; seed coat tight-fitting, netted or irregularly striate.
Species In Genus: 13 species: western North America. Etymology: (Greek: club-shaped flower) Note: Close to Orthocarpus, distinguished by inflorescence, calyx, stamens; generally flowers Jul--Sep. Other taxa in TJM (1993) moved to Chloropyron, Dicranostegia.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & David C. Tank

Cordylanthus ramosus Nutt. ex Benth.
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 10--90 cm, gray-green or tinged red, +- canescent. Leaf: 10--40 mm, +- thread-like, entire to 5-lobed. Inflorescence: flowers 3--7 in spike-like clusters, clusters 15--25 mm; outer bract 1 per flower, 10--20 mm, entire to 7-lobed, sometimes bristly, segments +- thread-like; inner bract 10--20 mm, entire. Flower: calyx 10--15 mm, divided to base, tip slightly notched; corolla 10--20 mm, dusty yellow, often marked maroon, +- puberulent. Seed: +- 2 mm, +- ovoid, deeply netted, light brown. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Rocky to alkaline soils in sagebrush scrub; Elevation: 1050--2850 m. Bioregional Distribution: n CaRH (Shasta Valley), GB, DMtns (Panamint Range); Distribution Outside California: to Oregon, Wyoming, Colorado. Flowering Time: Jul--Aug
Synonyms: Cordylanthus ramosus subsp. setosus Pennell
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & David C. Tank
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Cordylanthus pringlei
Next taxon: Cordylanthus rigidus

Name Search
botanical illustration including Cordylanthus ramosus

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax & David C. Tank 2016. Cordylanthus ramosus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=20328, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 30, 2016.


Cordylanthus ramosus
click for enlargement
© 2007 Steve Matson
Cordylanthus ramosus
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Cordylanthus ramosus
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Cordylanthus ramosus
click for enlargement
© 2006 Larry Blakely
Cordylanthus ramosus
click for enlargement
© 2006 Larry Blakely
Cordylanthus ramosus
click for enlargement
© 2006 Larry Blakely

More photos of Cordylanthus ramosus in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Cordylanthus ramosus:
n CaRH (Shasta Valley), GB, DMtns (Panamint Range);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.