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    Vascular Plants of California
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Consolida ajacis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RanunculaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3--6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0--many, generally free; stamens generally 5--many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1--many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0--1, generally +- persistent as beak, ovules 1--many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, +- utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1--many-seeded.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). Toxicity: some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). Note: Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Dieter H. Wilken, family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: ConsolidaView Description 

Common Name: LARKSPUR
Habit: Annual, generally from taproot. Stem: erect, generally 1, branched or not. Leaf: deeply palmately or palmate-pinnately lobed or dissected, cauline merging into bracts distally. Inflorescence: raceme, terminal; pedicels spreading to ascending. Flower: bilateral; sepals 5, petal-like, white to pink or blue [violet], uppermost spurred, others generally clawed; petals 2, fused, generally 1--3-lobed, arched over stamens, color same as sepals or white, base with spur enclosed in uppermost sepal spur; pistil 1. Fruit: follicle 1, erect. Seed: brown [black], minutely scaly in rows.
Species In Genus: +- 40 species: Mediterranean Europe, Africa, Asia. Etymology: (Latin: consolidate, from reported healing of wounds) Note: Segregate of Delphinium.
eFlora Treatment Author: Jason A. Koontz, Michael J. Warnock & Dieter H. Wilken
Unabridged Reference: Keener 1976 Castanea 41:12--20

Consolida ajacis (L.) Schur
Habit: Plant +- puberulent except stem glabrous proximally. Stem: 45--100 cm. Leaf: short-petioled, segments 14--21, < 2 mm wide, linear. Inflorescence: flowers (3)8--21(60); pedicels 5--16 mm. Flower: lateral sepals 8--15 mm, spur 12--18 mm. Fruit: 9--18 mm, generally puberulent. Chromosomes: 2n=16.
Ecology: Disturbed soils, generally a waif; Elevation: < 300 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRI, CCo, SnFrB, SCo, WTR, MP; Distribution Outside California: to eastern United States; native to Europe. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Synonyms: Consolida ambigua (L.) P.W. Ball & Heywood, misappl.;
eFlora Treatment Author: Jason A. Koontz, Michael J. Warnock & Dieter H. Wilken
Unabridged Reference: Keener 1976 Castanea 41:12--20
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Citation for this treatment: Jason A. Koontz, Michael J. Warnock & Dieter H. Wilken 2012, Consolida ajacis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 21, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 21, 2018.

Geographic subdivisions for Consolida ajacis:
NCoRI, CCo, SnFrB, SCo, WTR, MP;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.