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Colubrina californica
LAS ANIMAS COLUBRINA

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RhamnaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BUCKTHORN FAMILY
Habit: [Perennial herb] shrub, tree, generally erect, often thorny. Leaf: simple, generally alternate, often clustered on short-shoots; stipules generally present, occasionally modified into spines; generally petioled; blade pinnate-veined or 1--5-ribbed from base. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, umbel, or flowers 1 or clustered in axils or on short-shoots. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium subtending, surrounding, or partly fused to ovary; sepals 4--5; petals 0, 4--5, generally clawed; stamens 0, 4--5, alternate sepals, attached to hypanthium top, each generally fitting into a petal concavity; disk (0 or) between stamens, ovary, thin to fleshy, entire or lobed, free from ovary, adherent or fused to hypanthium; ovary superior or +- inferior, chambers [1]2--4, 1--2-ovuled, style 1, stigma entire or 2--3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe.
Genera In Family: 50--52 genera, 950 species: especially tropics, subtropics some cultivated (Ceanothus; Frangula; Rhamnus; Ziziphus).
eFlora Treatment Author: John O. Sawyer, Jr., except as noted
Scientific Editor: Steve Boyd, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ColubrinaView Description 

Habit: Shrub. Stem: branches dense, alternate, rigid, +- white; twigs spreading, not jointed at base, thorn-tipped [or not], generally hairy. Leaf: clustered on short-shoots or not, deciduous [or not]; stipules deciduous; blade entire, 3--5-ribbed from base, generally with round, marginal glands. Inflorescence: umbel-like, few-flowered. Flower: hypanthium hemispheric, adhering to developing fruit; sepals 5; petals 5, = sepals, oblanceolate; stamens 5; disk fleshy, adhering to, +- filling hypanthium; ovary chambers 3, 1-ovuled, stigma 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, shallow-3-valved, explosively dehiscent (drupe-like, indehiscent).
Species In Genus: 31 species: warm places worldwide. Etymology: (Latin: from French for serpent tree)

Colubrina californica I.M. Johnst.
NATIVE
Habit: Plant < 3 m. Stem: straight, tomentose. Leaf: blade 12--35 mm, oblong to obovate, dull gray-green, hairs silky, denser abaxially, base rounded or wedge-shaped, tip rounded to +- notched, mucronate or not. Inflorescence: 5--10 mm, 3--12-flowered, dense; pedicel 1--2 mm, 2--4 mm in fruit. Flower: appearing after rain; hypanthium +- 3 mm wide. Fruit: 8--10 mm, persisting 3--6 months.
Ecology: Desert scrub; Elevation: 240--920 m. Bioregional Distribution: s DMoj, DSon; Distribution Outside California: Arizona, Mexico. Flowering Time: Apr--May
eFlora Treatment Author: John O. Sawyer, Jr.
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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botanical illustration including Colubrina californica

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Citation for this treatment: John O. Sawyer, Jr. 2016. Colubrina californica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=20048, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 30, 2016.


Colubrina californica
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Colubrina californica
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Colubrina californica
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Colubrina californica
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Colubrina californica
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Colubrina californica
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer

More photos of Colubrina californica in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Colubrina californica:
s DMoj, DSon;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.