Jepson eFlora: Taxon page    
    Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Clintonia andrewsiana

Higher Taxonomy
Family: LiliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: LILY FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, +- umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or +- fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or +- so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3--many, flat or angled, brown to black.
Genera In Family: 16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Note: Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ClintoniaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Rhizome slender, spreading. Leaf: +- basal, wide, cauline 0 or much reduced; petioles sheathing. Inflorescence: scapose, umbel or flowers 1. Flower: perianth cylindric to bell-shaped, parts in 2 similar, petal-like whorls, free, ascending to +- erect; stamens 6, fused to perianth, hairy near base [or not]; ovary superior, chambers 2--3, stigma obscurely 2--3-lobed. Fruit: berry, ovoid, blue [or not]. Seed: 2--several, black.
Species In Genus: 6 species: western North America, eastern North America, Asia. Etymology: (De Witt Clinton, naturalist, governor of New York, 1769--1828)
Reference: Hayashi et al. 2001 Pl Spec Biol 16:119--137

Clintonia andrewsiana Torr.
Habit: Rhizome 4--10 mm diam. Leaf: 5(6), 15--30 cm, 5--12 cm wide, elliptic, +- hairy. Inflorescence: umbels generally 1 terminal, 0--3 lateral; peduncle 25--50 cm, hairy; bracts 1--3; pedicels 1--3 cm, unequal, hairy. Flower: 10--18 mm; perianth parts pouch-like at base. Fruit: 8--12 mm. Chromosomes: n=14.
Ecology: Shaded, damp redwood forest; Elevation: < 400 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CCo, w SnFrB, n SCoRO; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: May--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
Reference: Hayashi et al. 2001 Pl Spec Biol 16:119--137
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Clintonia
Next taxon: Clintonia uniflora

Name Search
botanical illustration including Clintonia andrewsiana


Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2012, Clintonia andrewsiana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on August 19, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on August 19, 2018.

Clintonia andrewsiana
click for enlargement
© 2018 Keir Morse
Clintonia andrewsiana
click for enlargement
© 2005 George W. Hartwell
Clintonia andrewsiana
click for enlargement
© 2018 Keir Morse
Clintonia andrewsiana
click for enlargement
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences
Clintonia andrewsiana
click for enlargement
© 2018 Barry Rice
Clintonia andrewsiana
click for enlargement
© 2018 Keir Morse

More photos of Clintonia andrewsiana in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Clintonia andrewsiana:
NW, CCo, w SnFrB, n SCoRO;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.