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Vascular Plants of California
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Clintonia andrewsiana


Higher Taxonomy
Family: LiliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: LILY FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, +- umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or +- fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or +- so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3--many, flat or angled, brown to black.
Genera In Family: 16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Note: Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ClintoniaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Rhizome slender, spreading. Leaf: +- basal, wide, cauline 0 or much reduced; petioles sheathing. Inflorescence: scapose, umbel or flowers 1. Flower: perianth cylindric to bell-shaped, parts in 2 similar, petal-like whorls, free, ascending to +- erect; stamens 6, fused to perianth, hairy near base [or not]; ovary superior, chambers 2--3, stigma obscurely 2--3-lobed. Fruit: berry, ovoid, blue [or not]. Seed: 2--several, black.
Species In Genus: 6 species: western North America, eastern North America, Asia. Etymology: (De Witt Clinton, naturalist, governor of New York, 1769--1828)
Reference: Hayashi et al. 2001 Pl Spec Biol 16:119--137
Clintonia andrewsiana Torr.
NATIVE
Habit: Rhizome 4--10 mm diam. Leaf: 5(6), 15--30 cm, 5--12 cm wide, elliptic, +- hairy. Inflorescence: umbels generally 1 terminal, 0--3 lateral; peduncle 25--50 cm, hairy; bracts 1--3; pedicels 1--3 cm, unequal, hairy. Flower: 10--18 mm; perianth parts pouch-like at base. Fruit: 8--12 mm. Chromosomes: n=14.
Ecology: Shaded, damp redwood forest; Elevation: < 400 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CCo, w SnFrB, n SCoRO; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Jepson eFlora Author: Dale W. McNeal
Reference: Hayashi et al. 2001 Pl Spec Biol 16:119--137
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Botanical illustration including Clintonia andrewsiana

botanical illustration including Clintonia andrewsiana

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Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2012, Clintonia andrewsiana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=19850, accessed on August 18, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 18, 2019.

Clintonia andrewsiana
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© 2018 Keir Morse
Clintonia andrewsiana
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© 2017 Vernon Smith
Clintonia andrewsiana
click for enlargement
© 2018 Keir Morse
Clintonia andrewsiana
click for enlargement
© 2018 Keir Morse
Clintonia andrewsiana
click for enlargement
© 2018 Barry Rice
Clintonia andrewsiana
click for enlargement
© 2019 Larry Blakely

More photos of Clintonia andrewsiana in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Clintonia andrewsiana:
NW, CCo, w SnFrB, n SCoRO
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.