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Vascular Plants of California
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Clematis ligusticifolia
WESTERN VIRGIN'S BOWER


Higher Taxonomy
Family: RanunculaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BUTTERCUP FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3--6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0--many, generally free; stamens generally 5--many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1--many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0--1, generally +- persistent as beak, ovules 1--many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, +- utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1--many-seeded.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). Toxicity: some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). Note: Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Dieter H. Wilken, family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: ClematisView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: CLEMATIS, VIRGIN'S BOWER
Habit: Plant +- woody vine; occasionally dioecious. Leaf: generally 1--2-pinnate, cauline, opposite; petiole generally tendril-like; leaflets ovate to lanceolate, generally irregularly 2--3-lobed or coarsely toothed, occasionally entire. Inflorescence: 1-flowered to panicle, axillary [terminal]. Flower: unisexual; sepals generally 4, free, petal-like, white to cream [brightly colored]; petals 0; stamens many, free; pistils 5--many. Fruit: achene, each generally with elongate, feathery style.
Species In Genus: 300 species: worldwide; Clematis terniflora DC., cultivated. Etymology: (Greek: twig) Note: Clematis drummondii Torr. & A. Gray undocumented for California.
eFlora Treatment Author: James S. Pringle & Frederick B. Essig
Reference: Pringle 1999 Clematis 1999:12--19
Unabridged Reference: Tamura 1987 Acta Phytotax Geobot 38:38--44
Clematis ligusticifolia Nutt.
NATIVE
Leaf: leaflets 5--15, irregularly lobed or toothed, largest 2--9 cm. Inflorescence: several- to many-flowered. Flower: sepals 6--10 mm, hairy abaxially, adaxially; stamens 25--50, 5--9 mm, +- = sepals; pistils 25--65. Fruit: body hairy.
Ecology: Along streams, wet places; Elevation: < 2400 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, South Dakota, New Mexico, northwestern Mexico. Flowering Time: Jun--Sep
Jepson eFlora Author: James S. Pringle & Frederick B. Essig
Reference: Pringle 1999 Clematis 1999:12--19
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Botanical illustration including Clematis ligusticifolia

botanical illustration including Clematis ligusticifolia

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Citation for this treatment: James S. Pringle & Frederick B. Essig 2012, Clematis ligusticifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=19683, accessed on December 06, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 06, 2019.

Clematis ligusticifolia
click for enlargement
© 2012 Steve Matson
Clematis ligusticifolia
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© 2015 Vernon Smith
Clematis ligusticifolia
click for enlargement
© 2015 Vernon Smith
Clematis ligusticifolia
click for enlargement
© 2015 Vernon Smith
Clematis ligusticifolia
click for enlargement
© 2012 Steve Matson
Clematis ligusticifolia
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse

More photos of Clematis ligusticifolia in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Clematis ligusticifolia:
CA
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.