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Clematis ligusticifolia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RanunculaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3--6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0--many, generally free; stamens generally 5--many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1--many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0--1, generally +- persistent as beak, ovules 1--many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, +- utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1--many-seeded.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). Toxicity: some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). Note: Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Dieter H. Wilken, family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: ClematisView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Plant +- woody vine; occasionally dioecious. Leaf: generally 1--2-pinnate, cauline, opposite; petiole generally tendril-like; leaflets ovate to lanceolate, generally irregularly 2--3-lobed or coarsely toothed, occasionally entire. Inflorescence: 1-flowered to panicle, axillary [terminal]. Flower: unisexual; sepals generally 4, free, petal-like, white to cream [brightly colored]; petals 0; stamens many, free; pistils 5--many. Fruit: achene, each generally with elongate, feathery style.
Species In Genus: 300 species: worldwide; Clematis terniflora DC., cultivated. Etymology: (Greek: twig) Note: Clematis drummondii Torr. & A. Gray undocumented for California.
eFlora Treatment Author: James S. Pringle & Frederick B. Essig

Clematis ligusticifolia Nutt.
Leaf: leaflets 5--15, irregularly lobed or toothed, largest 2--9 cm. Inflorescence: several- to many-flowered. Flower: sepals 6--10 mm, hairy abaxially, adaxially; stamens 25--50, 5--9 mm, +- = sepals; pistils 25--65. Fruit: body hairy.
Ecology: Along streams, wet places; Elevation: < 2400 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, South Dakota, New Mexico, northwestern Mexico. Flowering Time: Jun--Sep
eFlora Treatment Author: James S. Pringle & Frederick B. Essig
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botanical illustration including Clematis ligusticifolia


Citation for this treatment: James S. Pringle & Frederick B. Essig 2016. Clematis ligusticifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Clematis ligusticifolia
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© 2012 Steve Matson
Clematis ligusticifolia
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Clematis ligusticifolia
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© 1990 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Clematis ligusticifolia
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© 2009 Barry Breckling
Clematis ligusticifolia
click for enlargement
© 2012 Steve Matson
Clematis ligusticifolia
click for enlargement
© 2012 Steve Matson

More photos of Clematis ligusticifolia in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Clematis ligusticifolia:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.