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Cistanthe maritima
SEASIDE CISTANTHE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: MontiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: MINER'S LETTUCE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; generally fleshy. Stem: 1--many, generally glabrous. Leaf: simple, alternate or opposite. Inflorescence: axillary or terminal; cyme, raceme, panicle, umbel, or flower 1. Flower: bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(9), free; petals (1)2--19, free or +- fused; stamens 1--many, epipetalous or not, anthers pink, rose, or yellow; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules 1--many, placenta basal or free-central; styles (0)1--8, generally fused at base, branched. Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 2--3-valved. Seed: 1--many, shiny or +- pebbly or sculptured, black or gray, generally with oil-filled appendage as food for ants.
Genera In Family: +- 22 genera, +- 230 species: generally temperate America, Asia, Australia, Europe, Kerguelen Is, New Zealand, southern Africa, poorly represented in Europe; some cultivated (Lewisia, Calandrinia). Note: All CA genera previously included in Portulacaceae; details of flowers, seeds require 20× magnification.
Unabridged Note: May include Hectorellaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CistantheView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual [perennial herb], +- fleshy, from taproot or fibrous roots, generally glabrous. Stem: generally several, generally spreading to ascending. Leaf: cauline [basal and cauline], simple, linear to spoon-shaped, fleshy; basal rosetted. Inflorescence: scapose, raceme, panicle, or umbel, bracts leaf-like or not; bracts generally < sepals, scarious; flowers generally on 1 side of axis, deciduous or not in fruit. Flower: sepals 2, ovate, green, scarious-margined or not, persistent in fruit; petals 5, > sepals; stamens 5--10, anthers yellow; style 1, stigmas 3. Fruit: 3-valved, ovoid. Seed: 6--many, dull to shiny, black.
Species In Genus: 25--35 species: America. Etymology: (Greek: rockrose-flower)
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & C. Matt Guilliams

Cistanthe maritima (Nutt.) Carolin ex Hershk.
NATIVE
Stem: spreading or ascending. Leaf: 1--6 cm, obovate to spoon-shaped, flat. Inflorescence: panicle, generally above leaves; bracts scarious; pedicel 5--15 mm, +- straight in fruit. Flower: sepals 3--5 mm, glaucous, generally purple-veined; petals generally 5, 3--6 mm; stamens generally 5. Fruit: generally > calyx. Seed: 20--40, 0.5--1 mm wide, +- elliptic, smooth, dull gray, with short, white hairs, black.
Ecology: Coastal scrub, sandy soil, sea bluffs; Elevation: < 300 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, ChI; Distribution Outside California: northern Baja California. Flowering Time: Feb--May
Synonyms: Calandrinia maritima Nutt.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & C. Matt Guilliams
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Cistanthe ambigua
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Citation for this treatment: John M. Miller & C. Matt Guilliams 2016. Cistanthe maritima, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=19502, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 01, 2016.


Cistanthe maritima
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Cistanthe maritima
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Cistanthe maritima
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Cistanthe maritima
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Cistanthe maritima
click for enlargement
© 2010 Gary A. Monroe
Cistanthe maritima
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse

More photos of Cistanthe maritima in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Cistanthe maritima:
SCo, ChI;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.