Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Cinnamomum camphora
CAMPHOR TREE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: LauraceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: LAUREL FAMILY
Habit: [Shrub], tree, [parasitic vine], generally evergreen, aromatic; [dioecious or +- so]. Leaf: generally alternate, simple, unlobed [(lobed)], entire, generally thick; stipules 0. Inflorescence: [(flowers 1, head), raceme, panicle], umbel-like, enclosed by bracts [or not]. Flower: generally bisexual, generally +- yellow to +- green; hypanthium often calyx-tube-like, perianth parts in 2(3) whorls of 3, +- sepal-like; stamens [(3)]9[(12)], in whorls of 3, inner often with 2 stalked orange glands at base, 1 [or more] whorls often staminodes [or not], anthers [2] 4-celled, opening by uplifting valves; pistil 1, simple, ovary generally superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, style 1, very short. Fruit: +- berry, often with swollen hypanthium, sepals.
Genera In Family: +- 54 genera, +- 3500 species: widespread in tropics, less so in temperate; some cultivated (Laurus, laurel, bay; Persea, avocado; Cinnamomum, cinnamon, camphor).
eFlora Treatment Author: Henk van der Werff
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CinnamomumView Description 

Inflorescence: in leaf axils, panicle. Flower: perianth parts 6; stamens 9, anthers 4-celled.
Species In Genus: +- 350 species: tropics, subtropical America, Asia, Pacific Islands, Australia. Etymology: (Greek: cinnamon)

Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant < 30 m. Leaf: 6--12 cm, 2.5--5.5 cm wide, ovate-elliptic, hairs 0 or sparse abaxially, 0 adaxially; basal pair of lateral veins stronger than distal, with axillary pit visible adaxially; petiole < blade. Inflorescence: 3--7 cm. Flower: perianth parts +- 2 mm, hairs 0 abaxially, present adaxially. Fruit: ovoid to spheric, 6--9 mm diam, purple. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Moist places; Elevation: < 150 m. Bioregional Distribution: nw SnJV (Antioch Dunes), SCo, sw PR; Distribution Outside California: native to tropical, subtropical eastern Asia. Flowering Time: Apr--May Note: Camphor distilled from wood; fruit eaten, seeds dispersed by birds; reported pest in parts of Australia.
eFlora Treatment Author: Henk van der Werff
Jepson Online Interchange

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Citation for this treatment: Henk van der Werff 2016. Cinnamomum camphora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=19477, accessed on July 24, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on July 24, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Cinnamomum camphora:
nw SnJV (Antioch Dunes), SCo, sw PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.