Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Cinnamomum camphora
CAMPHOR TREE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: LauraceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: LAUREL FAMILY
Habit: [Shrub], tree, [parasitic vine], generally evergreen, aromatic; [dioecious or +- so]. Leaf: generally alternate, simple, unlobed [(lobed)], entire, generally thick; stipules 0. Inflorescence: [(flowers 1, head), raceme, panicle], umbel-like, enclosed by bracts [or not]. Flower: generally bisexual, generally +- yellow to +- green; hypanthium often calyx-tube-like, perianth parts in 2(3) whorls of 3, +- sepal-like; stamens [(3)]9[(12)], in whorls of 3, inner often with 2 stalked orange glands at base, 1 [or more] whorls often staminodes [or not], anthers [2] 4-celled, opening by uplifting valves; pistil 1, simple, ovary generally superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, style 1, very short. Fruit: +- berry, often with swollen hypanthium, sepals.
Genera In Family: +- 54 genera, +- 3500 species: widespread in tropics, less so in temperate; some cultivated (Laurus, laurel, bay; Persea, avocado; Cinnamomum, cinnamon, camphor).
eFlora Treatment Author: Henk van der Werff
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CinnamomumView Description 

Inflorescence: in leaf axils, panicle. Flower: perianth parts 6; stamens 9, anthers 4-celled.
Species In Genus: +- 350 species: tropics, subtropical America, Asia, Pacific Islands, Australia. Etymology: (Greek: cinnamon)

Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant < 30 m. Leaf: 6--12 cm, 2.5--5.5 cm wide, ovate-elliptic, hairs 0 or sparse abaxially, 0 adaxially; basal pair of lateral veins stronger than distal, with axillary pit visible adaxially; petiole < blade. Inflorescence: 3--7 cm. Flower: perianth parts +- 2 mm, hairs 0 abaxially, present adaxially. Fruit: ovoid to spheric, 6--9 mm diam, purple. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Moist places; Elevation: < 150 m. Bioregional Distribution: nw SnJV (Antioch Dunes), SCo, sw PR; Distribution Outside California: native to tropical, subtropical eastern Asia. Flowering Time: Apr--May Note: Camphor distilled from wood; fruit eaten, seeds dispersed by birds; reported pest in parts of Australia.
eFlora Treatment Author: Henk van der Werff
Jepson Online Interchange

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Citation for this treatment: Henk van der Werff 2016. Cinnamomum camphora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=19477, accessed on May 06, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 06, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Cinnamomum camphora:
nw SnJV (Antioch Dunes), SCo, sw PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.