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Chlorogalum grandiflorum
RED HILLS SOAPROOT

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AgavaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: CENTURY PLANT FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree, fibrous succulent or not, from bulbs or rhizomes. Stem: above ground or not, branched or not. Leaf: simple, deciduous or not, basal or in terminal rosettes, generally sessile, linear, lanceolate, oblanceolate or ovate, fibrous or not, thin and flexible or thick and rigid or succulent; margin entire, fine-serrate, dentate, or with filaments, tips rigid or flexible, with a spine or not. Flower: bisexual; perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused; stamens 6, +- fused to perianth, filaments often wide, succulent; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, style 1 (thick, poorly defined), stigma head-like or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, indehiscent, loculicidal, or septicidal. Seed: few to many, +- flat or ovoid, generally black.
Genera In Family: 23 genera, 637 species: worldwide.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ChlorogalumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SOAP PLANT, AMOLE
Habit: Perennial herb; bulb ovoid to +- elongate, outer coat white to brown, often fibrous; generally not heterostylous. Leaf: basal, linear. Inflorescence: panicle, peduncled; flowers, buds 1--several per node; bracts scarious. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free, white, purple, or +- pink, twisted together above ovary in fruit; stamens 6, attached to base of perianth, anthers attached at middle; ovary superior, chambers 3, style thread-like, deciduous, stigma +- 3-lobed. Fruit: stalked, loculicidal. Seed: 1--2 per chamber, ovoid, black.
Species In Genus: 5 species: western North America, especially California. Etymology: (Greek: green milk or juice)
eFlora Treatment Author: Judith A. Jernstedt

Chlorogalum grandiflorum Hoover
NATIVE
Habit: Bulb 5--7 cm; coat +- red to brown, membranous, outer bulb scales with few delicate fibers. Leaf: basal, 4--12 mm wide, margin wavy. Inflorescence: 30--100 cm; branches ascending; pedicels 2--5 mm, << perianth, stout. Flower: open in evening; perianth parts recurved, 15--30 mm, linear, white, midvein +- purple; stamens generally +- < perianth, anthers +- 3 mm, yellow; style 12--28 mm, >= perianth. Fruit: 5--8 mm.
Ecology: Serpentine outcrops, open shrubby or wooded hills; Elevation: 300--500 m. Bioregional Distribution: n&c SNF (Placer, El Dorado, Tuolumne cos.). Flowering Time: May--Jun
Unabridged Note: Differs from Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. minus by short, stout pedicels, larger flowers.
eFlora Treatment Author: Judith A. Jernstedt
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Chlorogalum angustifolium
Next taxon: Chlorogalum parviflorum

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Citation for this treatment: Judith A. Jernstedt 2016. Chlorogalum grandiflorum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=19290, accessed on February 11, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 11, 2016.


Chlorogalum grandiflorum
click for enlargement
© 2004 George W. Hartwell
Chlorogalum grandiflorum
click for enlargement
© 2004 George W. Hartwell
Chlorogalum grandiflorum
click for enlargement
© 2004 George W. Hartwell
Chlorogalum grandiflorum
click for enlargement
© 2004 George W. Hartwell
Chlorogalum grandiflorum
click for enlargement
© 2004 George W. Hartwell
Chlorogalum grandiflorum
click for enlargement
© 2004 George W. Hartwell

More photos of Chlorogalum grandiflorum in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Chlorogalum grandiflorum:
n&c SNF (Placer, El Dorado, Tuolumne cos.).
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.