Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Chimaphila menziesii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: EricaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree. Stem: bark often peeling distinctively. Leaf: simple or 0, generally cauline, alternate, opposite (whorled), evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted; pedicel often with 2 bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, bell-shaped, cylindric, or urn-shaped; sepals generally (0)4--5, generally free; petals generally (0)4--5, free or fused; stamens (2--5)8--10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers dehiscing by pores or slits, awns 0 or 2(4), seemingly abaxial, reduced or elongate, generally curved; nectary generally present at ovary base, generally disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1--5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1--many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry. Seed: generally many, winged or not.
Genera In Family: +- 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium. Note: Monophyletic only if Empetraceae included, as treated here. Ledum included in Rhododendron. Non-green plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Gary D. Wallace, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ChimaphilaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, +- woody, evergreen, rhizomed. Leaf: cauline [basal], +- whorled, lanceolate to oblanceolate, leathery, generally prominently toothed, petioled. Inflorescence: terminal, +- head- or umbel-like raceme; flowers 1--10; peduncle generally papillate to glandular-hairy; bracts narrowly lanceolate to widely ovate. Flower: radial, nodding, parts in 5s, free; petals spreading; stamens 10, filaments widened at base, +- hairy, anther pores on tubes; nectary present; ovary superior, style in depression, stout, stigma wide, peltate, lobes 5, +- flat, spreading. Fruit: capsule, erect; valves opening tip to base, margins not fibrous.
Species In Genus: 4--5 species: circumboreal, North America, Central America, Eurasia. Etymology: (Greek: winter loving, from evergreen habit)
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace & Erich Haber

Chimaphila menziesii (D. Don) Spreng.
Stem: < 15 cm, slender. Leaf: 1--several per node, generally 1--3(5) cm, toothed or entire; main veins +- white-bordered. Inflorescence: +- glabrous to minutely papillate. Flower: petals white, turning pink; filament base hairy.
Ecology: Uncommon. Montane conifer forest; Elevation: 1000--2500 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoR, CaRH, n SNF, SNH, SCoRO, SnGb, SnBr, PR, MP; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Montana. Flowering Time: Jun--Aug
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace & Erich Haber
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botanical illustration including Chimaphila menziesii


Citation for this treatment: Gary D. Wallace & Erich Haber 2016. Chimaphila menziesii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 25, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 25, 2016.

Chimaphila menziesii
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© 2006 Steve Matson
Chimaphila menziesii
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Chimaphila menziesii
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© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Chimaphila menziesii
click for enlargement
© 2010 Keir Morse
Chimaphila menziesii
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Chimaphila menziesii
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton

More photos of Chimaphila menziesii in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Chimaphila menziesii:
KR, NCoR, CaRH, n SNF, SNH, SCoRO, SnGb, SnBr, PR, MP;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.