Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Celtis reticulata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CannabaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: HEMP FAMILY
Habit: Tree, shrub, or erect or twining perennial herb; dioecious or flowers staminate and bisexual, wind-pollinated; epidermis with stiff hairs, glandular or not; sap watery. Leaf: petioled; simple, unlobed or palmately lobed or compound, all alternate or lower opposite. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary, unisexual or with both male and bisexual flowers. Flower: perianth parts 4--6, free or fused; stamens 0 or 4--6; ovary 0 or 1, superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, style 1, short, stigmas 2, slender, plumose. Fruit: drupe or achene, occasionally +- enclosed in persistent perianth.
Genera In Family: 11 genera, +- 100 species: temperate, tropical areas worldwide.
eFlora Treatment Author: Alan T. Whittemore, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CeltisView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: HACKBERRY
Habit: Tree or shrub, deciduous; hairs unbranched. Leaf: alternate, simple, unlobed, 3-veined from base. Flower: staminate flowers in axils at base of new growth, 1 or clustered; bisexual flowers 1, in axils, perianth not persistent. Fruit: drupe.
Species In Genus: +- 60 species: widespread, tropics and northern temperate. Etymology: (Latin name for the lotus of Homer) Note: Leaves on vigorous stems may be abnormally large, and (in Celtis reticulata) differently shaped.

Celtis reticulata Torr.
Habit: Shrub or small tree 3--5(10) m. Leaf: blade 30--74 mm, 18--44 mm wide, triangular-ovate, thick, rigid, +- serrate, teeth (1)7--32 per side, tip acute or +- short-acuminate, adaxially scabrous, abaxially hairy only on veins and smooth or scabrous between, +- all veins raised. Fruit: 7--8 mm diam, purple-brown; pedicel 6--10(18) mm.
Ecology: Dry slopes, intermittent watercourses, in gravelly soil; Elevation: 500--1700 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNF, Teh, SnBr, PR, s SNE, e DMtns; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, Kansas, Texas. Flowering Time: Apr--May Note: Sometimes also cultivated, persisting (ScV, SNE, D).
eFlora Treatment Author: Alan T. Whittemore
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Celtis australis
Next taxon: Celtis sinensis

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botanical illustration including Celtis reticulata


Citation for this treatment: Alan T. Whittemore 2016. Celtis reticulata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Celtis reticulata
click for enlargement
© 2016 Neal Kramer
Celtis reticulata
click for enlargement
© 2016 Neal Kramer
Celtis reticulata
click for enlargement
© 2016 Neal Kramer
Celtis reticulata
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© 2004 James M. Andre
Celtis reticulata
click for enlargement
© 2016 Neal Kramer

More photos of Celtis reticulata in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Celtis reticulata:
s SNF, Teh, SnBr, PR, s SNE, e DMtns;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.