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Caulanthus inflatus

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub; sap pungent, watery. Leaf: generally simple, alternate; generally both basal, cauline; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally not bracted. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals 4, generally free; petals (0)4, forming a cross, generally white or yellow to purple; stamens generally 6 (2 or 4), 4 long, 2 short (3 pairs of unequal length); ovary 1, superior, generally 2-chambered with septum connecting 2 parietal placentas; style 1, stigma entire or 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule, generally 2-valved, "silique" (length >= 3 × width) or "silicle" (length < 3 × width), dehiscent by 2 valves or indehiscent, cylindric or flat parallel or perpendicular to septum, segmented or not. Seed: 1--many, in 1 or 2 rows per chamber, winged or wingless; embryo strongly curved.
Genera In Family: +- 330 genera, 3780 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Highest diversity in Mediterranean area, mountains of southwestern Asia, adjacent central Asia, western North America; some Brassica species are oil or vegetable crops; Arabidopsis thaliana used in experimental molecular biology; many species are ornamentals, weeds. Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desvaux in cultivation only. Aubrieta occasional waif in central NCoR, Carrichtera annua (L.) DC. in SCo, Iberis sempervirens L., Iberis umbellata L. in PR, Teesdalia coronopifolia (Bergeret) Thell., Teesdalia nudicaulis (L.) W.T. Aiton in southern NCoRO, CCo. Cardaria, Coronopus moved to Lepidium; Caulostramina to Hesperidanthus; Guillenia to Caulanthus; Heterodraba to Athysanus; California taxa of Lesquerella to Physaria; Malcolmia africana to Strigosella.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CaulanthusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to perennial herb, glabrous or hairs simple (forked). Leaf: basal rosetted or not, petioled, entire, dentate or pinnately lobed, generally deciduous; cauline petioled, or sessile with bases lobed or sagittate. Inflorescence: elongated. Flower: calyx urn-shaped or cylindric, sepals erect (spreading), base sac-like or not; petals yellow, purple, brown, or white, generally channeled, margin wavy or not; stamens in 3 pairs of equal length, or 4 long and 2 short, (all equal), free or filaments of longer pair(s) fused. Fruit: silique, linear, dehiscent, unsegmented, +- sessile, cylindric (flat perpendicular or parallel to septum); stigma entire or 2-lobed. Seed: 24--210, 1 row per chamber, oblong to ovate (+- spheric), plump, wing 0.
Species In Genus: 17 species: southwestern United States, northwestern Mexico. Etymology: (Greek: stem flower, in reference to insertion of flowers along stem)
eFlora Treatment Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz

Caulanthus inflatus S. Watson
Habit: Annual, glabrous or sparsely hairy proximally, glaucous. Stem: erect, 1.5--9.7 dm, inflated, simple or occasionally branched distally. Leaf: basal rosetted, 2--18 cm, obovate to oblanceolate, entire or dentate; cauline sessile, oblong to ovate or lanceolate, entire, base strongly lobed to clasping. Inflorescence: elongated; terminal sterile flower cluster 0. Flower: sepals erect or spreading, 6--14 mm, at least tip dark purple, +- white basally; petals 9--14 mm, purple, margins wavy; stamens in 3 unequal pairs, filaments of longest pair fused. Fruit: ascending, 3.5--12.7 cm, 2--3 mm wide, cylindric; style 0.1--0.4 mm, stigma strongly 2-lobed, lobes opposite valves; pedicel ascending to spreading, 3--12 mm. Seed: 58--82, 1.5--3 mm, oblong, cotyledons entire. Chromosomes: 2n=28.
Ecology: Open, sandy plains to rocky slopes, dry hillsides; Elevation: 150--1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNF (Kern Co.), w edge c&s SnJV, SCoRI, n WTR, sw DMoj (common). Flowering Time: Mar--May
eFlora Treatment Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz
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botanical illustration including Caulanthus inflatus


Citation for this treatment: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz 2012, Caulanthus inflatus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on January 21, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on January 21, 2018.

Caulanthus inflatus
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© 2011 Aaron Schusteff
Caulanthus inflatus
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Caulanthus inflatus
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© 2009 Aaron Schusteff
Caulanthus inflatus
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© 2016 Christopher L. Christie
Caulanthus inflatus
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© 2015 Barry Breckling
Caulanthus inflatus
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© 2010 Neal Kramer

More photos of Caulanthus inflatus in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Caulanthus inflatus:
s SNF (Kern Co.), w edge c&s SnJV, SCoRI, n WTR, sw DMoj (common).
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.