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Carpenteria californica
TREE-ANEMONE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: HydrangeaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: HYDRANGEA FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb to small tree or vine. Stem: < 3 m, generally erect; bark generally peeling as thin sheets or narrow strips. Leaf: generally simple, opposite, deciduous or not, +- hairy; stipules 0; blade +- round to narrowly elliptic, entire or toothed. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flower 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted. Flower: bisexual, radial, flowers on inflorescence margins occasionally sterile and enlarged; sepals 4--10, free or fused at base, spreading or erect; petals 4--7, free, +- round to narrowly elliptic; stamens 8--12 in 2 whorls or many and clustered, filament base linear or wide and flat; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 2--8, ovules 1--2 or many per chamber, placentas axile or parietal, styles 1--8, free or fused at base. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal or septicidal; styles persistent or not. Seed: generally many, small to minute, oblong to fusiform, winged or not.
Genera In Family: 18 genera, +- 250 species: generally temperate, subtropical northern hemisphere; some cultivated for ornamental (Carpenteria, Hydrangea, Philadelphus). Note: Philadelphaceae in TJM (1993).
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Charles F. Quibell
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CarpenteriaView Description 


Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (William M. Carpenter, Lousiana botanist, 1811--1848)

Carpenteria californica Torr.
NATIVE
Habit: Shrub < 3 m. Stem: bark +- gray, peeling as thin, wide sheets. Leaf: persistent, leathery; petiole 0.5--1 cm; blade 4--10 cm, 1--2.5 cm wide, narrowly elliptic, 1-veined from base, margin generally rolled under, entire or +- toothed, green and glabrous above, pale and short-tomentose below. Inflorescence: cyme or short raceme, terminal, open; flowers 3--13; bracts < leaves, sessile. Flower: 3--6 cm wide, fragrant; sepals 5--7, 8--10 mm, generally glabrous, white-tomentose at inside tip; petals 5--8, 15--25 mm, +- round, white; stamens many, clustered, filaments linear; ovary +- superior, chambers 5--8; placentas axile, ovules many; style 1, branches 5--7, 3--6 mm; stigmas linear along style branches. Fruit: 0.6--1.2 cm wide, conical, weakly septicidal. Seed: fusiform, red-brown. Chromosomes: 2n=20.
Ecology: Streambanks, chaparral, oak woodland; Elevation: 340--1340 m. Bioregional Distribution: c&s SNF (between Kings, San Joaquin rivers, Fresno Co.). Flowering Time: May--Jul Note: Post-fire stump-sprouting, seedling establishment follows burns.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Charles F. Quibell
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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botanical illustration including Carpenteria californica

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Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Charles F. Quibell 2016. Carpenteria californica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=17970, accessed on May 24, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 24, 2016.


Carpenteria californica
click for enlargement
© 2005 Aaron Schusteff
Carpenteria californica
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© 1998 Christopher L. Christie
Carpenteria californica
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© 2007 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Carpenteria californica
click for enlargement
© 2007 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Carpenteria californica
click for enlargement
© 2005 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Carpenteria californica in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Carpenteria californica:
c&s SNF (between Kings, San Joaquin rivers, Fresno Co.).
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.