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Canbya candida

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PapaveraceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to small tree; sap colorless, yellow, orange, red, or white. Leaf: basal, cauline, or both, simple and entire, toothed, or lobed, or 1--3-pinnate-dissected or compound; cauline generally alternate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: terminal, 1-flowered or cyme, raceme, or panicle; bracts generally present. Flower: bisexual, radial, bilateral, or biradial; sepals 2--3, shed after flower; petals generally 2 × sepals in number; stamens generally many; ovary 1, superior, chamber 1, style 0 or 1, stigmas or lobes 2--many, ovules few to many. Fruit: capsule, dehiscent by valves or pores, +- nut, or breaking transversely into 1-seeded, indehiscent units. Seed: fleshy appendage generally 0.
Genera In Family: 25--30 genera, 200 species: northern temperate, northern tropics; some cultivated (Papaver, Eschscholzia, Hunnemannia), source of opiates. Note: Stylomecon moved to Papaver. Corydalis, Dicentra, Fumaria in Fumariaceae in FNANM, elsewhere. Glaucium flavum Crantz is a waif. According to FNANM (3:300--301), Hunnemannia fumariifolia Sweet (+- like Eschscholzia except sepals free) an occasional waif in California, but documentation evidently lacking. Fleshy appendage of seed sometimes for dispersal by ants.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary L. Hannan & Curtis Clark, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CanbyaView Description 

Habit: Annual; sap colorless. Leaf: +- basal, linear-oblong, entire. Inflorescence: axillary, 1-flowered; peduncles > leaves. Flower: sepals 3; petals 5--7, free, elliptic, white, persistent after flower; stamens 6--15, free; carpels 3(4), ovary +- spheric, style 0, stigma lobes 3(4), linear, radiating from ovary top. Fruit: ovate, dehiscent from tip. Seed: many, shiny, brown.
Species In Genus: 2 species: California, Oregon, Nevada. Etymology: (W.M. Canby, Delaware philanthropist, botanist, 1831--1904)

Canbya candida A. Gray
Habit: Plant 10--30 mm, tufted, +- glabrous. Leaf: 5--9 mm, fleshy. Inflorescence: peduncle 10--20 mm. Flower: petals 3--4 mm, closing over fruit. Fruit: 1.5--2.5 mm. Seed: 0.6 mm.
Ecology: Sandy places; Elevation: 600--1350 m. Bioregional Distribution: w DMoj, adjacent SN. Flowering Time: Apr--May
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary L. Hannan & Curtis Clark
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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botanical illustration including Canbya candida


Citation for this treatment: Gary L. Hannan & Curtis Clark 2016. Canbya candida, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 28, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 28, 2016.

Canbya candida
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© 2004 Aaron Schusteff
Canbya candida
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© Bob Patterson and CNPS

More photos of Canbya candida in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Canbya candida:
w DMoj, adjacent SN.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.