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Campanula wilkinsiana
WILKINS' HAREBELL

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CampanulaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BELLFLOWER FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb [tree]. Leaf: generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers 1; terminal or in axils of leaf-like or reduced bracts. Flower: bisexual, cleistogamous or open, radial or bilateral, inverted (pedicel twisted 180°) or not; hypanthium generally present, +- fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, petals generally fused, tube deeply divided on 1 side or not, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or +- fused (anthers, filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior or 1/2 inferior (superior in fruit), chambers 1--3, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 2--5-branched. Fruit: generally capsule, open on sides or top by pores or short valves. Seed: many.
Genera In Family: +- 90 genera, +- 2500 species: worldwide. Note: Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia). Subfamilies sometimes treated as families. Positions of flower parts given after flowering inversion, if any. Parishella moved to Nemacladus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Nancy R. Morin, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CampanulaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: HAREBELL
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, from taproot, fibrous roots, or rhizome, hairs 0 to dense. Stem: reclining or erect, branched, 2--60[150] cm, 4-angled. Leaf: basal or not, cauline, generally lanceolate to ovate, thin, fleshy, or leathery, entire to toothed, sessile or petioled, gradually reduced distally to bracts in inflorescence. Inflorescence: raceme and/or flowers 1 [head, spike, panicle]; terminal or axillary. Flower: not inverted; corolla cylindric to funnel- or bell-shaped, white to deep blue, cut 1/4--2/3 [to all the way] to base, lobes narrow- to wide-triangular; ovary inferior, hemispheric, spheric, or oblong to obconic. Fruit: open by 2--3 lateral pores. Seed: 0.6--3.5 mm, oblong or fusiform.
Species In Genus: +- 400 species: northern hemisphere; many cultivated, some medicinal. Etymology: (Latin: little bell, from corolla shape) Note: Campanula prenanthoides moved to Asyneuma.
Unabridged Note: Campanula medium L. collected in 2000 from landfill northern of Baldwin Lake, SnBr, but probably not reproducing.

Campanula wilkinsiana Greene
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb, forming dense colonies, glabrous. Stem: reclining to erect, 5--30 cm. Leaf: 12--20 mm, narrowly oblong, thin, teeth few, sharp; sessile. Flower: pedicel 10--30 mm; sepals ascending to suberect (erect in fruit); corolla 12--15 mm, funnel-shaped, deep blue, lobes recurved to ascending; stamens 6 mm, base ciliate; ovary 4--5 mm, narrowly obconic, style +- 12 mm, blue, distal 50% papillate. Fruit: narrowly obconic, weakly ribbed; pores near top.
Ecology: Wet meadows, streamsides; Elevation: 1800--2600 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaRH (Mount Shasta). Flowering Time: Jul--Sep
eFlora Treatment Author: Nancy R. Morin
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Next taxon: Downingia

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botanical illustration including Campanula wilkinsiana

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Citation for this treatment: Nancy R. Morin 2016. Campanula wilkinsiana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=16999, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 03, 2016.


Campanula wilkinsiana
click for enlargement
© 2010 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Campanula wilkinsiana
click for enlargement
© 2010 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Campanula wilkinsiana
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron E. Sims
Campanula wilkinsiana
click for enlargement
© 2010 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Campanula wilkinsiana
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron E. Sims
Campanula wilkinsiana
click for enlargement
© 2010 Julie Kierstead Nelson

More photos of Campanula wilkinsiana in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Campanula wilkinsiana:
KR, CaRH (Mount Shasta).
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.