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Calycanthus occidentalis
SWEET-SHRUB, SPICEBUSH

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CalycanthaceaeView Description 

Common Name: SWEET-SHRUB or CALYCANTHUS FAMILY
Habit: Shrub, deciduous [evergreen], aromatic. Leaf: opposite, simple, entire; stipules 0; petiole short. Inflorescence: flowers 1, terminal on short branches. Flower: bisexual, radial; receptacle hollow; parts generally many, spirally arranged; perianth parts +- petal-like, grading into bracts below; stamens on top of receptacle, smaller, sterile inward, filaments < anthers [0]; pistils simple, on inner face of receptacle, 2-ovuled, style thread-like, exserted from receptacle. Fruit: achenes many, included in +- leathery receptacle.
Genera In Family: 3 genera, +- 10 species: North America, China, Australia; Calycanthus, Chimonanthus cultivated as ornamental, for fragrance. Note: Notable for disjunctions.
eFlora Treatment Author: George P. Johnson & Fosiée Tahbaz
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CalycanthusView Description 

Flower: perianth maroon or red-brown, inner parts shorter.
Species In Genus: 2 species: California, eastern United States. Etymology: (Greek: cup flower, from hollow receptacle)

Calycanthus occidentalis Hook. & Arn.
NATIVE
Habit: Erect, 1--3+ m, +- rounded. Leaf: petiole 3--10 mm; blade 5--15 cm, ovate- to lance-oblong or ovate-elliptic, firm, base generally rounded (cordate), tip acute (obtuse), abaxially +- glabrous to +- hairy, adaxially +- scabrous. Flower: +- 5 cm diam; perianth +- fleshy, hairy; filaments < 1 mm, anthers 4--5 mm. Fruit: receptacle ovoid (bell-shaped), with scars of perianth parts; achenes 7--10 mm, +- velvety, margins granular. Chromosomes: n=11.
Ecology: Moist, shady places, canyons, streamsides; Elevation: generally < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: se KR, s NCoRO, NCoRI, s CaR, SNF, c&s SNH, SnJV (Kings River floodplain, e of Fresno), apparently naturalized n PR (Palomar Mtns). Flowering Time: Mar--Aug
eFlora Treatment Author: George P. Johnson & Fosiée Tahbaz
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botanical illustration including Calycanthus occidentalis

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Citation for this treatment: George P. Johnson & Fosiée Tahbaz 2016. Calycanthus occidentalis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=16812, accessed on February 06, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 06, 2016.


Calycanthus occidentalis
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© 2008 Steve Matson
Calycanthus occidentalis
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© 2007 George W. Hartwell
Calycanthus occidentalis
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© 2011 Barry Breckling
Calycanthus occidentalis
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© 2013 Neal Kramer
Calycanthus occidentalis
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© 2005 George W. Hartwell
Calycanthus occidentalis
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© 2013 Keir Morse

More photos of Calycanthus occidentalis in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Calycanthus occidentalis:
se KR, s NCoRO, NCoRI, s CaR, SNF, c&s SNH, SnJV (Kings River floodplain, e of Fresno), apparently naturalized n PR (Palomar Mtns).
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.