Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Calochortus raichei
THE CEDARS FAIRY-LANTERN

Higher Taxonomy
Family: LiliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: LILY FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, +- umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or +- fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or +- so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3--many, flat or angled, brown to black.
Genera In Family: 16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Note: Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CalochortusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Bulb coat generally membranous, occasionally fibrous. Stem: scapose or leafy, generally erect, generally branched, bulblets in axils of lower leaves or 0. Leaf: generally linear to lanceolate; basal leaf 1, persistent or not; cauline leaves 0--several, occasionally appearing basal, generally smaller upward, withering or not. Inflorescence: often +- umbel-like; flowers 2--many; bracts 0--several, generally opposite, often paired. Flower: perianth +- closed, spheric to oblong, or open, bell-shaped or +- rotate; sepals generally < petals, generally +- lanceolate (ovate), generally +- glabrous; petals generally widely wedge-shaped, occasionally clawed, generally hairy adaxially, nectary near base; stamens 6, filaments +- flat, often dilated at base, anthers generally attached at base or appearing so; style 1, stigmas 3. Fruit: capsule, septicidal; oblong or linear, generally 3-angled or -winged, chambers 3. Seed: many in 2 rows per chamber, flat, generally +- tan or +- yellow, translucent, or irregular dark brown, often net-like.
Species In Genus: +- 67 species: western North America, Central America; many cultivated. Etymology: (Greek: beautiful grass) Note: Bulbs of some eaten by Native Americans. Many taxa variable, difficult to key.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peggy L. Fiedler

Calochortus raichei Farwig & V. Girard
NATIVE
Habit: Plant very glaucous, mealy. Stem: 10--100 cm, stout, generally simple. Leaf: basal 10--40 cm, channeled, persistent; cauline 1--4, 10--20 cm, reduced upward. Inflorescence: flowers 1--2, nodding; bracts paired, narrowly lanceolate, long-tapered. Flower: perianth +- spheric, closed at tip; sepals 15--25 mm, pale green tinged pale purple, widely lanceolate; petals 35--45 mm, pale yellow, obovate, ciliate, hairy, nectary +- depressed, bordered above by long, slender hairs; filaments 7--12 mm, dilated at base, anthers +- 6 mm, oblong, obtuse. Fruit: nodding, 25--35 mm, oblong, angled. Seed: irregular, dark brown.
Ecology: Open serpentine in woodland; Elevation: 200--300 m. Bioregional Distribution: s NCoRO (The Cedars, Big Austin Creek drainage, Sonoma Co.). Flowering Time: May--Aug Note: Potentially threatened by mining.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peggy L. Fiedler
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Calochortus pulchellus
Next taxon: Calochortus simulans

Name Search
botanical illustration including Calochortus raichei

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Peggy L. Fiedler 2016. Calochortus raichei, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=16757, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 01, 2016.


Calochortus raichei
click for enlargement
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences
Calochortus raichei
click for enlargement
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences
Calochortus raichei
click for enlargement
© 2013 Barry Rice
Calochortus raichei
click for enlargement
© 2007 California Academy of Sciences
Calochortus raichei
click for enlargement
© 1998 John Game

More photos of Calochortus raichei in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Calochortus raichei:
s NCoRO (The Cedars, Big Austin Creek drainage, Sonoma Co.).
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.