Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Calochortus plummerae
PLUMMER'S MARIPOSA LILY

Higher Taxonomy
Family: LiliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: LILY FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, +- umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or +- fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or +- so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3--many, flat or angled, brown to black.
Genera In Family: 16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Note: Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CalochortusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Bulb coat generally membranous, occasionally fibrous. Stem: scapose or leafy, generally erect, generally branched, bulblets in axils of lower leaves or 0. Leaf: generally linear to lanceolate; basal leaf 1, persistent or not; cauline leaves 0--several, occasionally appearing basal, generally smaller upward, withering or not. Inflorescence: often +- umbel-like; flowers 2--many; bracts 0--several, generally opposite, often paired. Flower: perianth +- closed, spheric to oblong, or open, bell-shaped or +- rotate; sepals generally < petals, generally +- lanceolate (ovate), generally +- glabrous; petals generally widely wedge-shaped, occasionally clawed, generally hairy adaxially, nectary near base; stamens 6, filaments +- flat, often dilated at base, anthers generally attached at base or appearing so; style 1, stigmas 3. Fruit: capsule, septicidal; oblong or linear, generally 3-angled or -winged, chambers 3. Seed: many in 2 rows per chamber, flat, generally +- tan or +- yellow, translucent, or irregular dark brown, often net-like.
Species In Genus: +- 67 species: western North America, Central America; many cultivated. Etymology: (Greek: beautiful grass) Note: Bulbs of some eaten by Native Americans. Many taxa variable, difficult to key.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peggy L. Fiedler

Calochortus plummerae Greene
NATIVE
Habit: Bulb coat fibrous. Stem: 30--60 cm, slender, generally branched, bulblets 0. Leaf: basal 20--40 cm, linear, withering; cauline 4--17 cm, narrowly long-tapered, reduced upward, upper inrolled. Inflorescence: flowers 2--6, erect; bracts leaf-like. Flower: perianth widely bell-shaped, pale pink to rose drying +- purple; sepals 30--50 mm, lanceolate, long-tapered; petals 30--40 mm, widely wedge-shaped to obovate, margin entire or occasionally fringed to near tip, generally toothed, long-yellow-hairy in wide central band, nectary round, +- depressed, +- glabrous, +- hidden by dense, orange bordering hairs; filaments 9--11 mm, dilated at base, anthers 10--14 mm, lance-linear, acute to +- long- pointed, yellow to light tan. Fruit: erect, 4--8 cm, linear, angled. Seed: flat, finely net-like. Chromosomes: n=9.
Ecology: Dry, rocky chaparral, yellow-pine forest; Elevation: < 1700 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, TR, PR. Flowering Time: May--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: Peggy L. Fiedler
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Calochortus persistens
Next taxon: Calochortus pulchellus

Name Search
botanical illustration including Calochortus plummerae

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Peggy L. Fiedler 2016. Calochortus plummerae, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=16754, accessed on August 24, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on August 24, 2016.


Calochortus plummerae
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Calochortus plummerae
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Calochortus plummerae
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Calochortus plummerae
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Calochortus plummerae
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Calochortus plummerae
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Calochortus plummerae in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Calochortus plummerae:
SCo, TR, PR.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.