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Calochortus panamintensis
PANAMINT MARIPOSA LILY


Higher Taxonomy
Family: LiliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: LILY FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, +- umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or +- fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or +- so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3--many, flat or angled, brown to black.
Genera In Family: 16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Note: Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CalochortusView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Bulb coat generally membranous, occasionally fibrous. Stem: scapose or leafy, generally erect, generally branched, bulblets in axils of lower leaves or 0. Leaf: generally linear to lanceolate; basal leaf 1, persistent or not; cauline leaves 0--several, occasionally appearing basal, generally smaller upward, withering or not. Inflorescence: often +- umbel-like; flowers 2--many; bracts 0--several, generally opposite, often paired. Flower: perianth +- closed, spheric to oblong, or open, bell-shaped or +- rotate; sepals generally < petals, generally +- lanceolate (ovate), generally +- glabrous; petals generally widely wedge-shaped, occasionally clawed, generally hairy adaxially, nectary near base; stamens 6, filaments +- flat, often dilated at base, anthers generally attached at base or appearing so; style 1, stigmas 3. Fruit: capsule, septicidal; oblong or linear, generally 3-angled or -winged, chambers 3. Seed: many in 2 rows per chamber, flat, generally +- tan or +- yellow, translucent, or irregular dark brown, often net-like.
Species In Genus: +- 67 species: western North America, Central America; many cultivated. Etymology: (Greek: beautiful grass) Note: Bulbs of some eaten by Native Americans. Many taxa variable, difficult to key.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peggy L. Fiedler
Unabridged Reference: Patterson & Givnish 2003 New Phytologist 161:253--264
Calochortus panamintensis (Ownbey) Reveal
NATIVE
Stem: 40--60 cm, generally simple, bulblets present. Leaf: basal 10--20 cm, withering; upper cauline 1--2, 2--6 cm, inrolled. Inflorescence: flowers 1--4, erect; bracts 2--4 cm. Flower: perianth bell-shaped; sepals 10--40 mm, dark-spotted near base; petals 20--40 mm, narrowly obovate, white tinged lilac, green-striped abaxially, not spotted, +- glabrous, nectary in red or purple spot, round, depressed, encircled by fringed membrane, densely short-hairy; filaments +- 6 mm, +- dilated toward base, anthers 5--7 mm, oblong, +- blue. Fruit: erect, +- 7 cm, +- linear, angled, tip acuminate. Chromosomes: n=7.
Ecology: Dry pinyon/juniper woodland; Elevation: 2500--3200 m. Bioregional Distribution: n DMtns (Panamint Range); Distribution Outside California: western Nevada. Flowering Time: Jun--Jul
Synonyms: Calochortus nuttallii Torr. var. panamintensis Ownbey
Jepson eFlora Author: Peggy L. Fiedler
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Calochortus palmeri var. palmeri
Next taxon: Calochortus persistens

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Citation for this treatment: Peggy L. Fiedler 2012, Calochortus panamintensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=16752, accessed on December 15, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 15, 2019.

Calochortus panamintensis
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© 2011 Aaron E. Sims
Calochortus panamintensis
click for enlargement
© 2011 Aaron E. Sims
Calochortus panamintensis
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© 2016 Dana York
Calochortus panamintensis
click for enlargement
© 2016 Dana York
Calochortus panamintensis
click for enlargement
© 2011 Aaron E. Sims
Calochortus panamintensis
click for enlargement
© 2011 Aaron E. Sims

More photos of Calochortus panamintensis in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Calochortus panamintensis:
n DMtns (Panamint Range)
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map of distribution 1
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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.