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Vascular Plants of California
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Calandrinia breweri
BREWER'S CALANDRINIA


Higher Taxonomy
Family: MontiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: MINER'S LETTUCE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; generally fleshy. Stem: 1--many, generally glabrous. Leaf: simple, alternate or opposite. Inflorescence: axillary or terminal; cyme, raceme, panicle, umbel, or flower 1. Flower: bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(9), free; petals (1)2--19, free or +- fused; stamens 1--many, epipetalous or not, anthers pink, rose, or yellow; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules 1--many, placenta basal or free-central; styles (0)1--8, generally fused at base, branched. Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 2--3-valved. Seed: 1--many, shiny or +- pebbly or sculptured, black or gray, generally with oil-filled appendage as food for ants.
Genera In Family: +- 22 genera, +- 230 species: generally temperate America, Asia, Australia, Europe, Kerguelen Is, New Zealand, southern Africa, poorly represented in Europe; some cultivated (Lewisia, Calandrinia). Note: All CA genera previously included in Portulacaceae; details of flowers, seeds require 20× magnification.
Unabridged Note: May include Hectorellaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CalandriniaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Annual [perennial herb], +- fleshy, +- glabrous or glaucous. Stem: several to many, prostrate to ascending [erect], 3--45 cm. Leaf: simple, alternate; blade linear to spoon-shaped, flat [cylindric]. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle; bracts leaf-like [or scarious]. Flower: sepals 2, overlapped, persistent in fruit; petals (3)5(7), +- pink-purple (white); stamens 3--15; stigmas 3. Fruit: 3-valved. Seed: 6--many, ovate to +- elliptic, generally black, smooth, finely tubercled, or with fine, net-like pattern.
Species In Genus: 14 species: western America. Etymology: (J.L. Calandrini, Swiss scientist, 1703--1758) Note: Other taxa in TJM (1993) moved to Cistanthe; number of species (150) indicated in TJM (1993) and TJM2 (2012) should have been much smaller. Calandrinia menziesii added, as segregated from Calandrinia ciliata, which as newly circumscribed does not occur in CA and therefore has been removed.
eFlora Treatment Author: C. Matt Guilliams & John M. Miller
Reference: Hershkovitz 2006 Gayana Bot 63:13--74; Kelley 2003 FNANM 4:459--460
Unabridged Reference: Ford 1992 Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ of Washington; Hershkovitz 1991 Phytologia 70:209--225; Hershkovitz 1993 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 80:333--365, 366--396; Kelley 1973 M.S. Thesis, CA State Univ, Northridge
Calandrinia breweri S. Watson
NATIVE
Habit: Annual. Leaf: 2--8 cm, +- ovate to spoon-shaped, glabrous to +- ciliate. Inflorescence: raceme, elongate; pedicel 6--20 cm, generally curved in fruit. Flower: sepals 4--6 mm, glabrous to +- ciliate; petals generally 5, 3--5 mm, dull pink-purple; stamens 3--6. Seed: 10--15, 1--2 mm wide, +- elliptic.
Ecology: Sandy to loamy soil, disturbed sites, burns; Elevation: < 1200 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoR, c SNF, c&s SNH, CCo, SnFrB, SCoRO, SCo, n ChI, TR, PR; Distribution Outside California: northern Baja California. Flowering Time: Feb--May
Synonyms: Calandrinia menziesii (Hook.) Torr. & A. Gray var. macrocarpa A. Gray
Jepson eFlora Author: C. Matt Guilliams & John M. Miller
Reference: Hershkovitz 2006 Gayana Bot 63:13--74; Kelley 2003 FNANM 4:459--460
Unabridged Reference: Ford 1992 Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ of Washington; Hershkovitz 1991 Phytologia 70:209--225; Hershkovitz 1993 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 80:333--365, 366--396; Kelley 1973 M.S. Thesis, CA State Univ, Northridge
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Botanical illustration including Calandrinia breweri

botanical illustration including Calandrinia breweri

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Citation for this treatment: C. Matt Guilliams & John M. Miller 2014, Calandrinia breweri, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 2, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=16614, accessed on August 18, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 18, 2019.

Calandrinia breweri
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© 2009 Barry Breckling
Calandrinia breweri
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© 2018 Neal Kramer
Calandrinia breweri
click for enlargement
© 2019 Neal Kramer
Calandrinia breweri
click for enlargement
© 2018 Neal Kramer
Calandrinia breweri
click for enlargement
© 2019 Neal Kramer
Calandrinia breweri
click for enlargement
© 2019 Neal Kramer

More photos of Calandrinia breweri in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Calandrinia breweri:
NCoR, c SNF, c&s SNH, CCo, SnFrB, SCoRO, SCo, n ChI, TR, PR
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.