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Bursera microphylla
LITTLELEAF ELEPHANT TREE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BurseraceaeView Description 

Common Name: TORCHWOOD FAMILY
Habit: Tree [shrub]; generally dioecious or monoecious. Stem: generally erect, < 15 m. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline, generally alternate, deciduous, petioled; leaf axis often winged; hairs dense to 0. Inflorescence: generally panicle or flowers 1. Flower: radial; generally unisexual, disk ring- or cup-shaped; sepals 3--5, generally united below; petals [0--2]3--5; stamens generally 1--2 × number of petals; ovary superior, chambers 2--5, style 0 or 1. Fruit: drupe or capsule; stones 1--5, 1-seeded.
Genera In Family: 18 genera, +- 700 species: worldwide especially tropics; some cultivated (Boswellia, frankincense; Commiphora, myrrh; Bursera, Protium, copal).
eFlora Treatment Author: Duncan M. Porter
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: BurseraView Description 

Common Name: ELEPHANT TREE, TOROTE, COPAL
Habit: Tree, aromatic; dioecious. Stem: < 10 m; bark smooth, shedding. Inflorescence: panicle. Flower: petals inserted beneath disk; stamens 10; ovary chambers 2--3. Fruit: drupe-like when young, capsule-like in age, valves [2]3.
Species In Genus: +- 100 species: tropics, subtropical America. Etymology: (Joachim Burser, German physician, botanist, 1583--1639)

Bursera microphylla A. Gray
NATIVE
Stem: < 4 m; branches spreading, generally red; mature bark white. Leaf: odd-1-pinnate, 2--8 cm, glabrous; leaf axis winged; leaflets 7--33, 2--5[10] mm. Flower: staminate flowers 3--5-parted, pistillate flowers 3-parted; sepals +- 5 mm; petals +- 4 mm, white to cream. Fruit: 5--8 mm; valves 3; stone yellow.
Ecology: Rocky slopes; Elevation: < 700 m. Bioregional Distribution: w edge DSon (e San Diego, w Imperial, Riverside cos.); Distribution Outside California: to Arizona, Mexico. Flowering Time: May--Jun Note: Populations local. Bursera hindsiana (Benth.) Engl. (some leaves simple; Baja California Sur, western Sonora) reported but not confirmed for PR (s San Diego Co.).
eFlora Treatment Author: Duncan M. Porter
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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botanical illustration including Bursera microphylla

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Citation for this treatment: Duncan M. Porter 2016. Bursera microphylla, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=16431, accessed on July 25, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on July 25, 2016.


Bursera microphylla
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© 2010 California Academy of Sciences
Bursera microphylla
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© 2005 Aaron Schusteff
Bursera microphylla
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© 2013 California Academy of Sciences
Bursera microphylla
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© 2008 Christopher L. Christie
Bursera microphylla
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© 1999 California Academy of Sciences
Bursera microphylla
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© 2013 California Academy of Sciences

More photos of Bursera microphylla in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Bursera microphylla:
w edge DSon (e San Diego, w Imperial, Riverside cos.);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.