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Brodiaea californica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ThemidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1--10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2--4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2--several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 10--11 genera, 60--70 species: western North America.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: BrodiaeaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Daughter corms often present. Leaf: generally 1--6, linear, generally crescent-shaped in ×-section, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower. Inflorescence: open; scape 2--70 cm, generally slender, generally straight, cylindric; bracts scarious; pedicels generally > flowers, generally < 13 cm. Flower: perianth tube bell- to funnel-shaped, green-white, lobes erect to spreading, violet to lavender, occasionally pink, midribs purple or green; staminodes (0)3, generally +- erect, opposite outer lobes, white to violet or lavender, lateral margins flat, incurved, or inrolled; stamens 3, equal, fused to perianth, opposite inner lobes, filaments occasionally winged or appendaged, free or fused basally to staminodes, generally not forming crown-like tube, anthers attached at base, appressed to style, abaxially papillate; style 1, stigma lobes 3, spreading and recurved. Fruit: sessile, ovoid. Seed: oblong, black, lined, angles ridged.
Species In Genus: +- 18 species: mostly endemic to California. Etymology: (James Brodie, Scottish botanist, 1744--1824) Note: Several undescribed taxa, hybrids under study. Brodiaea matsonii R.E. Preston described from Shasta Co., 2010.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston

Brodiaea californica Lindl.
Inflorescence: scape 20--70 cm, stout; pedicel <= 10 cm. Flower: perianth 29.5--44 mm, tube 8--12.5 mm, cylindric, translucent, splitting in fruit, lobes 20.5--32.5 mm, violet, lavender, or pink (white), ascending, tips recurved, outer 4--7.5 mm wide, inner 6--10.5 mm wide; staminodes reflexed above middle, 14.5--22 mm, linear, white, narrowed at tip, margins 1/4--1/2 inrolled, wavy or toothed; filaments 6.5--11 mm, occasionally with a forked appendage at tip, anthers 9--13 mm, linear; ovary 6--9.5 mm, style 15.5--23 mm. Chromosomes: n=6.
Ecology: Grassland, open woodland, rocky or gravelly soils; Elevation: 50--315 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaRF, n ScV; Distribution Outside California: southern Oregon (reported). Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
Synonyms: Brodiaea grandiflora Sm. var. elatior Baker; Hookera californica (Lindl.) Greene
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston
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botanical illustration including Brodiaea californica


Citation for this treatment: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston 2016. Brodiaea californica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 14, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 14, 2016.

Brodiaea californica
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© 2004 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.
Brodiaea californica
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© 2007 Carol W. Witham
Brodiaea californica
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© 2013 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Brodiaea californica
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© 2004 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.
Brodiaea californica
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© 2007 Carol W. Witham
Brodiaea californica
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© 2000 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.

More photos of Brodiaea californica in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Brodiaea californica:
KR, CaRF, n ScV;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.