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Brandegea bigelovii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CucurbitaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: GOURD FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb; hairs often hard from calcium deposits; generally monoecious. Stem: trailing or climbing, 1--many; tendril generally 1 per node, often branched. Leaf: generally simple, alternate, generally palmate-lobed and -veined, petioled; stipules 0. Inflorescence: at nodes; staminate flowers in racemes, panicles, small clusters, (or 1); pistillate flowers generally 1. Flower: unisexual [bisexual], radial; hypanthium > ovary; calyx generally 5-lobed (or +- 0); corolla rotate to cup- or bell-shaped, generally 5-lobed; stamens 3--5 (or +- 1--3 from fusion), anthers twisted together, often > filaments; ovary +- inferior, chambers 3--5, placentas parietal, styles 1--3, stigmas generally lobed, large. Fruit: berry, drying or not, or capsule, irregularly dehiscent, often gourd- or melon-like. Seed: 1--many.
Genera In Family: 100 genera, 700 species: especially tropics; some cultivated (Citrullus, watermelon; Cucumis, cucumber; Cucurbita, gourd, pumpkin, squash; Luffa, loofah; Sechium, chayote). Note: Several cultivated species included Bryonia dioica reported as waifs in California (Howell 1958 Wasmann J Biol 16:1--157), but none recently.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Robert L. Schlising
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: BrandegeaView Description 

Common Name: DESERT STAR-VINE

Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (T.S. Brandegee, California botanist, engineer, 1843--1925)

Brandegea bigelovii (S. Watson) Cogn.
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb, taprooted. Stem: +- glabrous; tendril unbranched. Leaf: generally round to cordate or +- square, generally deeply lobed, adaxially with white glands, terminal lobe generally longest. Inflorescence: staminate flowers few in axils, pistillate 1 per node, at same nodes as staminate. Flower: corolla 1.5--3 mm wide, rotate or shallowly cup-shaped, cream; stigma 1, hemispheric. Fruit: dry, indehiscent, asymmetric, +- prickly; body 5--6 mm, +- = beak. Seed: 1.
Ecology: Canyons, washes, flats, sandy slopes; Elevation: < 900 m. Bioregional Distribution: D; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Arizona, northern Mexico. Flowering Time: Mar--May
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Robert L. Schlising
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botanical illustration including Brandegea bigelovii

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Citation for this treatment: John M. Miller & Robert L. Schlising 2016. Brandegea bigelovii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=16061, accessed on December 09, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on December 09, 2016.


Brandegea bigelovii
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© 2004 James M. Andre
Brandegea bigelovii
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Brandegea bigelovii
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© 2013 Neal Kramer
Brandegea bigelovii
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© 2004 James M. Andre
Brandegea bigelovii
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Brandegea bigelovii
click for enlargement
© 2004 James M. Andre

More photos of Brandegea bigelovii in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Brandegea bigelovii:
D;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.