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Boykinia occidentalis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: SaxifragaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SAXIFRAGE FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from caudex or rhizome, generally +- hairy. Stem: often +- leafy on proximal 1/2, rarely trailing and leafy throughout. Leaf: generally simple, basal and/or cauline, generally alternate, generally petioled; veins +- palmate. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, generally +- scapose. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; hypanthium free to +- fused to ovary; calyx lobes generally 5; petals generally 5, free, generally clawed, generally white; stamens 3, [4], 5, 8, or 10; pistils 1 (carpels +- fused, ovary lobed, chambers 1 or 2, placentas generally 2(3), axile or parietal or occasionally proximally axile and distally marginal in ovary lobes) or 2 (carpels free, placentas marginal), ovary nearly superior to inferior, occasionally more superior in fruit, styles generally 2(3). Fruit: capsule (generally 2(3)-beaked, valves generally 2(3), generally equal) or 2 follicles. Seed: generally many, small.
Genera In Family: +- 30 genera, 600 species: especially northern temperate, arctic, alpine; some cultivated (Bergenia, Darmera, Heuchera, Saxifraga, Tellima, Tolmiea). Note: California Mitella moved to Mitellastra, Ozomelis, Pectiantia; Suksdorfia ranunculifolia to Hemieva. Parnassia moved to Parnassiaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael S. Park & Patrick E. Elvander, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: BoykiniaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Plant glandular; rhizome scaly; bulblets 0. Leaf: basal and cauline, distal reduced, becoming bract-like; stipules inconspicuous to leaf-like; blade round to ovate, base cordate to reniform, occasionally truncate, obtuse, or tapered, primary lobes 3--many, shallow to deep, teeth sharp-tipped. Inflorescence: +- flat-topped or +- tapered to tip, > 15-flowered, generally 1-sided; bracts sessile to short-petioled, proximal leaf-like. Flower: hypanthium partly fused to ovary; petals often ephemeral; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary > 1/2-inferior, chambers 2, placentas 2, axile. Fruit: capsule.
Species In Genus: 8 species: North America, Asia. Etymology: (S. Boykin, Georgia naturalist, 1786--1848)

Boykinia occidentalis Torr. & A. Gray
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 1.5--6(10) dm. Leaf: 6--45 cm; stipules <= 0.4 cm, generally green, distal brown-bristled; petiole 3--30 cm; leaf < 12 cm wide, divided 1/4--1/3 to base, lobes and teeth +- round-sided. Inflorescence: +- tapered to tip; branches occasionally coiled at tip; flowers not crowded. Flower: calyx lobes 1--3 mm, triangular, tapered; petals 3--4 mm, obovate. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Ecology: Shady wet banks; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW (exc NCoRH), CaRF, n SNH, CCo, SnFrB, n SCoRO, WTR (Santa Monica Mtns); Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: May--Aug
Synonyms: Boykinia elata (Nutt.) Greene
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael S. Park & Patrick E. Elvander
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Next taxon: Boykinia rotundifolia

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Citation for this treatment: Michael S. Park & Patrick E. Elvander 2016. Boykinia occidentalis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=16007, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 03, 2016.


Boykinia occidentalis
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© 2012 Barry Rice
Boykinia occidentalis
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© 2003 Michael Charters
Boykinia occidentalis
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© 2003 Michael Charters
Boykinia occidentalis
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© 2003 Michael Charters
Boykinia occidentalis
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Boykinia occidentalis
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© 2003 Michael Charters

More photos of Boykinia occidentalis in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Boykinia occidentalis:
NW (exc NCoRH), CaRF, n SNH, CCo, SnFrB, n SCoRO, WTR (Santa Monica Mtns);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.