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Boehmeria cylindrica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: UrticaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: NETTLE FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb [to shrub, soft-wooded tree], hairs stinging and not [glabrous]; monoecious or dioecious; wind-pollinated. Leaf: alternate or opposite, generally stipuled, petioled, blade often with translucent, raised dots due to crystals in epidermal cells. Inflorescence: axillary, 1-flowered or head-, raceme-, or panicle-like. Flower: generally unisexual, small, +- green; sepals generally 4--5, free to fused; petals 0. Staminate Flower: stamens generally 4--5, opposite sepals, incurved in bud, reflexing suddenly when flower opens. Pistillate Flower: ovary 1, superior, chamber 1, style 0--1, stigma 1, generally hair-tufted. Fruit: generally achene.
Genera In Family: 50 genera, 700 species: worldwide; some cultivated (Boehmeria, ramie; Pilea, clearweed).
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Dennis W. Woodland
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: BoehmeriaView Description 

Common Name: FALSE NETTLE
Habit: Perennial herb [shrub], stinging hairs 0. Leaf: opposite (alternate), +- ovate, toothed, 3-veined from base; base round to cordate; tip obtuse to acuminate; crystals round. Inflorescence: spike-[panicle-]like. Staminate Flower: sepals 4, +- free; stamens 4. Pistillate Flower: sepals 2--4, fused +- to tip, enclosing ovary. Fruit: flat to lenticular.
Species In Genus: +- 50 species: especially tropics, subtropics; Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaudich., ramie, cultivated for fiber. Etymology: (G.R. Boehmer, Saxony, 1723--1803)

Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Perennial herb to subshrub, 1--16 dm; monoecious. Leaf: glabrous, scabrous, or abaxially short-hairy; blades elliptic to lanceolate, 5--18 cm, 2--10 cm wide. Inflorescence: interrupted, generally of mixed staminate, pistillate flowers.
Ecology: Levees, riparian areas; Elevation: < 10 m. Bioregional Distribution: Deltaic ScV; Distribution Outside California: central and eastern United States, Mexico, Central America, South America, West Indies, Bermuda. Flowering Time: Aug--Nov
Synonyms: Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaudich., misappl.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Dennis W. Woodland
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botanical illustration including Boehmeria cylindrica

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Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Dennis W. Woodland 2016. Boehmeria cylindrica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=15802, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 04, 2016.


Boehmeria cylindrica
click for enlargement
© 2007 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.
Boehmeria cylindrica
click for enlargement
© 2007 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.
Boehmeria cylindrica
click for enlargement
© 2007 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.
Boehmeria cylindrica
click for enlargement
© 2007 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.
Boehmeria cylindrica
click for enlargement
© 2007 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.
Boehmeria cylindrica
click for enlargement
© 2007 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.

More photos of Boehmeria cylindrica in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Boehmeria cylindrica:
Deltaic ScV;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.