Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Bernardia incana

Higher Taxonomy
Family: EuphorbiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SPURGE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub, tree [vine, cactus-like succulent]; monoecious or dioecious; sap clear or milky. Stem: generally branched [fleshy or spiny]. Leaf: generally simple, alternate to whorled, generally stipuled, sessile or petioled; blade entire, toothed, or lobed. Inflorescence: flowers solitary or in terminal or axillary cymes, racemes, spikes, or panicles, or (in Euphorbia) 1° inflorescence a compact, flower-like cyathium with much-reduced flowers enclosed within an involucre of fused bracts, cyathia terminal or axillary, 1 or in cyme-like arrays. Flower: unisexual, +- radial; sepals 0 or 2--6, free or fused; petals generally 0(5); stamens 1--many, free or filaments fused; ovary superior, chambers (1)3(4), styles free or fused, undivided, forked, or variously lobed. Fruit: generally capsule that splits into mericarps that then dehisce, releasing seeds. Seed: 1 per chamber; knob-like appendage sometimes present at attachment scar.
Genera In Family: 217 genera, 6000+ species: +- worldwide especially tropics; some cultivated (Aleurites, tung oil; Euphorbia species; Hevea, rubber; Ricinus). Toxicity: Many species +- highly TOXIC, due primarily to latex, especially if eaten or in contact with skin, eyes. Note: Eremocarpus moved to Croton, Tetracoccus moved to Picrodendraceae for TJM2; Chamaesyce moved to Euphorbia here (key to genera revised by Thomas J. Rosatti).
eFlora Treatment Author: Mark H. Mayfield & Grady L. Webster, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: BernardiaView Description 

Habit: Shrub; sap clear; [monoecious] dioecious. Stem: erect, generally much-branched. Leaf: cauline, alternate; hairs simple or stellate. Staminate Inflorescence: spike or raceme, axillary. Pistillate Inflorescence: terminal; flower occasionally 1. Staminate Flower: sessile or short-pedicelled; calyx splitting into 3--4 parts; stamens 3--25, filaments free; nectar disk minute or 0. Pistillate Flower: sessile; sepals 4--6; nectar disk 0; ovary 3-chambered, styles 3, free, 2-lobed or -toothed. Fruit: 3-lobed. Seed: scar appendaged.
Species In Genus: 30--40 species: tropics, subtropical America. Etymology: (Bernard de Jussieu, French taxonomist, 1699--1776) Note: Bernardia myricifolia (Scheele) S. Watson not in California.

Bernardia incana C.V. Morton
NATIVE
Habit: Plant < 2.5 m, hairy. Leaf: stipules +- 1 mm, deciduous; petiole 1--5 mm; blade 0.5--3 cm, elliptic, tip obtuse or rounded, margin crenate. Staminate Inflorescence: raceme; pedicel 3--4 mm. Pistillate Inflorescence: flower 1, sessile. Staminate Flower: stamens 12--15; nectar disk of small glands. Pistillate Flower: sepals 5, +- 2 mm, unequal; ovary tomentose, styles jagged. Fruit: 8--10 mm diam, tomentose. Seed: 5 mm, smooth; back ribbed.
Ecology: Washes, rocky canyons; Elevation: < 1200 m. Bioregional Distribution: s DMoj, DSon; Distribution Outside California: to Texas, Mexico. Flowering Time: Apr--May, Oct--Nov
eFlora Treatment Author: Mark H. Mayfield & Grady L. Webster
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Bernardia
Next taxon: Croton

Name Search
botanical illustration including Bernardia incana

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Mark H. Mayfield & Grady L. Webster 2016. Bernardia incana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=15609, accessed on February 12, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 12, 2016.


Bernardia incana
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Bernardia incana
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Bernardia incana
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Bernardia incana
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Bernardia incana
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse
Bernardia incana
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse

More photos of Bernardia incana in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Bernardia incana:
s DMoj, DSon;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.