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Bergia texana

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ElatinaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, short-lived perennial herb, in or near water; roots fibrous, from taproot or not, generally from lower leaf axils also. Stem: generally soft. Leaf: simple, opposite, +- 4-ranked; stipules scarious. Inflorescence: flowers in upper axils, 1 or few in clusters. Flower: small, inconspicuous, radial, bisexual; sepals, petals 2--5, equal in number, generally free; ovary spheric, styles 3--5, short. Fruit: capsule, septicidal, +- spheric, ovoid, or depressed-ovoid, walls thin; chambers 2--5, each several to many-seeded. Seed: small; surface net-like or glossy.
Genera In Family: 2 genera, 50 species: +- worldwide.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gordon C. Tucker & Evanielis U. Grissom
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: BergiaView Description 

Common Name: WATERFIRE
Stem: prostrate to ascending; branches 0 to many; base +- woody or not. Leaf: blade > petiole, elliptic, serrate, base wedge-shaped, tip acute. Flower: sepals deltate; petals oblong, membranous, glabrous; stamens 5--10, filaments +- = petals, anthers elliptic; styles 5. Fruit: ovoid; chambers 5, each many-seeded. Seed: not visible through fruit wall, oblong, +- curved, brown; surface +- net-like.
Species In Genus: +- 25 species: generally Old World tropics, 1 North America. Etymology: (P.J. Bergius, student of Linnaeus, 1730--1790)

Bergia texana (Hook.) Seub. ex Walp.
Flower: Sepals acute, midvein green, margins scarious; petals glabrous, +- white.
Ecology: Moist, disturbed soils, sandbars along rivers, margins of pools; Elevation: < 200 m. Bioregional Distribution: GV, SCo; Distribution Outside California: to eastern Washington, central and southern United States, northwestern Mexico. Flowering Time: Jul--Aug
Unabridged Note: Evidently spreading to reservoirs near enough to be considered ScV.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gordon C. Tucker & Evanielis U. Grissom
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botanical illustration including Bergia texana


Citation for this treatment: Gordon C. Tucker & Evanielis U. Grissom 2016. Bergia texana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 28, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 28, 2016.

Bergia texana
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© 2009 Neal Kramer

More photos of Bergia texana in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Bergia texana:
GV, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.