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Bellardia trixago
MEDITERRANEAN LINSEED

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BROOMRAPE FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: BellardiaView Description 

Habit: Annual, glandular-hairy. Stem: erect, generally simple. Leaf: opposite distally on stem, sessile, toothed. Inflorescence: raceme, spike-like, bracted. Flower: calyx 4-lobed; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip hood-like, pink, lower lip > upper, white, 3-lobed, throat with 2 ridges; stamens 4, in 2 pairs, included, anthers hairy, awned at base; stigma club-shaped, +- exserted. Fruit: ovoid, loculicidal. Seed: many, small, ridged.
Species In Genus: 1--2 species: Mediterranean. Etymology: (C.A.L. Bellardi, Italian botany professor, 1740--1826)

Bellardia trixago (L.) All.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant glandular-hairy. Stem: occasionally branched distally, 15--80 cm. Leaf: 15--90 mm, lanceolate, coarsely crenate-dentate. Inflorescence: bracts reduced distally on inflorescence axis, becoming ovate, cordate, +- entire. Flower: calyx 8--10 mm, lobes 1--1.5 mm, unequal, triangular; corolla 20--25 mm. Fruit: +- 7 mm. Seed: 0.5--1 mm, +- oblong. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Disturbed grassland; Elevation: < 710 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, NCoRO, ScV, CW; Distribution Outside California: native to Mediterranean. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax
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Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax 2016. Bellardia trixago, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=15566, accessed on February 10, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 10, 2016.


Bellardia trixago
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© 2007 Neal Kramer

More photos of Bellardia trixago in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Bellardia trixago:
NCo, NCoRO, ScV, CW;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.