Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon

Batis maritima

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BataceaeView Description 
Habit: Perennial herb, subshrub, salt-tolerant; dioecious [monoecious]. Leaf: simple, opposite, sessile, +- cylindric or +- 3-angled, narrowly elliptic to narrowly oblanceolate or linear, fleshy, base with triangular appendage, margins entire; stipules minute. Inflorescence: dense, cone- or spike-like, axillary, +- sessile; flowers unisexual. Staminate Flower: 8--12, +- free, 4-ranked, subtended by +- widely ovate bract and involucre- or sac-like bractlets; calyx +- bilateral, cup- or bell-shaped, blunt-lobed; petals 4(5), alternate stamens; stamens 4(5), > petals, anthers opening by longitudinal slits. Pistillate Flower: (2)4--12(24), free or fused, subtended by small bractlet, << flower; perianth 0; ovary superior, fleshy, chambers 4, ovule 1 per chamber, stigma 2-lobed, +- spheric, sessile. Fruit: drupe or drupe-like aggregate, floating. Seed: 1--4. Chromosomes: n=11.
Genera In Family: 1 genus, 2 species: coastal, tropics, subtropical America, Pacific, Australia. Note: Staminate perianth variously interpreted as tepals, petals, or staminodes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Steve Boyd & William J. Stone
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: BatisView Description 

Species In Genus: 2 species. Etymology: (Greek: name of a seashore plant) Note: Batis argillicola P. Royen of New Guinea, northeastern Australia is monoecious.
Batis maritima L.
Stem: prostrate to ascending, < 1.5 m; base woody. Leaf: (0.5)1--2 cm, linear to narrowly oblanceolate, +- cylindric, +- flattened above. Inflorescence: staminate +- 6 mm, ovoid-cylindric, bracts or bractlets rounded; pistillate +- 6 mm, cylindric (obconic) in fruit; flowers fused in age. Staminate Flower: petals white, blade +- triangular, clawed, stamens exserted. Fruit: +- 10 mm, fleshy, spongy or corky in age.
Ecology: Coastal salt marshes; Elevation: < 10 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo; Distribution Outside California: to southeastern United States, Caribbean, northern South America; Hawaii. Flowering Time: Apr--Sep
Jepson eFlora Author: Steve Boyd & William J. Stone
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Batis
Next taxon: Berberidaceae

Name Search

Botanical illustration including Batis maritima

botanical illustration including Batis maritima


Citation for this treatment: Steve Boyd & William J. Stone 2012, Batis maritima, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 17, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 17, 2018.

No expert verified images found for Batis maritima.

Geographic subdivisions for Batis maritima:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.