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Bassia hyssopifolia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ChenopodiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: GOOSEFOOT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub; hairs simple, stellate, or glandular; plants in several genera scaly, mealy, or powdery from collapsed glands; monoecious, dioecious, with bisexual flowers, or with both bisexual and unisexual flowers. Stem: occasionally fleshy. Leaf: blade simple, generally alternate, occasionally fleshy or reduced to scales, veins pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, spheric head, axillary clusters of flowers, or flowers 1; bracts 0--5, herbaceous, generally persistent or strongly modified in fruit, wings, tubercles or spines present or 0. Flower: bisexual or unisexual, small, generally green; calyx parts (1)3--5, or 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused basally (or +- throughout), leaf-like in texture, membranous, or fleshy, deciduous or not, often strongly modified in fruit; corolla 0; stamens 1--5, opposite sepals, filaments free, equal; anthers 4-chambered; ovary superior (1/2-inferior), chamber 1; ovule 1; styles, stigmas 1--4 (or stigmas sessile). Fruit: achene or utricle, generally falling with persistent calyx or bracts. Seed: 1, small, lenticular to spheric; seed coat smooth to finely dotted, warty, net-like, or prickly, margin occasionally winged.
Genera In Family: 100 genera, 1500 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, beet, Swiss chard; Spinacia oleracea L., spinach; Chenopodium quinoa Willd., quinoa); and some worldwide, naturalized ruderal or noxious agricultural weeds. Note: Nitrophila treated in Amaranthaceae, Sarcobatus treated in Sarcobataceae. Key to genera revised by Elizabeth H. Zacharias to incorporate Extriplex and Stutzia, 2 genera segregated from Atriplex.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mihai Costea, family description, key to genera, revised by Thomas J. Rosatti & Elizabeth H. Zacharias
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: BassiaView Description 

Habit: Annual, generally hairy. Stem: axis generally erect; branches ascending to erect. Leaf: linear to lanceolate, reduced distally. Inflorescence: spike; bracts leaf-like; flowers 1--few per axil. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx lobes 5, incurved, hooked-spiny in fruit; stamens generally 5; stigmas generally 2. Fruit: +- depressed-spheric. Seed: horizontal.
Species In Genus: +- 10 species: warm temperate Eurasia, Africa. Etymology: (Ferdinando Bassi, Italian botanist, 1710--1774) Note: Kochia scoparia recently treated here.
eFlora Treatment Author: G. Frederic Hrusa & Dieter H. Wilken

Bassia hyssopifolia (Pall.) Kuntze
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant generally < 1.5 m. Leaf: lower 5--60 mm, 1--3.5 mm wide, flat, generally withered in age. Inflorescence: 5--50 mm; bracts 2--5 mm, +- oblong. Flower: calyx densely tan-woolly, base leathery in fruit, spines +- 1 mm. Fruit: 1--1.5 mm diam. Seed: dark brown.
Ecology: Disturbed sites, fields, roadsides; Elevation: < 1200 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA (exc NW, SNH), common s CA; Distribution Outside California: widespread North America; native to Eurasia. Flowering Time: May--Nov Note: Occasionally confused with Kochia scoparia.
eFlora Treatment Author: G. Frederic Hrusa & Dieter H. Wilken
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Weed listed by Cal-IPC

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Citation for this treatment: G. Frederic Hrusa & Dieter H. Wilken 2016. Bassia hyssopifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=15511, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 30, 2016.


Bassia hyssopifolia
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Bassia hyssopifolia
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© 2008 Steve Matson
Bassia hyssopifolia
click for enlargement
© 2008 Steve Matson
Bassia hyssopifolia
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Bassia hyssopifolia
click for enlargement
© 2008 Steve Matson
Bassia hyssopifolia
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer

More photos of Bassia hyssopifolia in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Bassia hyssopifolia:
CA (exc NW, SNH), common s CA;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.