Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Aralia californica
ELK CLOVER

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AraliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: GINSENG FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree, woody vine; juvenile, flower plants generally unlike. Stem: generally branched. Leaf: simple or compound, generally alternate; stipules +- fused to +- sheathing, petiole base or 0. Inflorescence: umbels 1 to panicled; bracts deciduous or not. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, generally < 5 mm; sepals generally 5, fused at base, inconspicuous, persistent; petals generally 5, free, +- white to green, deciduous; stamens generally 5, generally alternate petals; ovary inferior, chambers 1--15, 1-ovuled, styles as many as chambers, free or fused, persistent. Fruit: berry or drupe, occasionally flat, dry.
Genera In Family: 47 genera, 1350 species: especially tropics, subtropics medicinal (e.g., Panax, ginseng; Aralia, sarsaparilla), ornamental (e.g., Aralia, Fatsia, Hedera, Polyscias).
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: AraliaView Description 

Common Name: SPIKENARD
Stem: erect. Leaf: 1--3-pinnate, deciduous; stipule +- fused to petiole base. Inflorescence: umbels in clusters of 2--few or in spreading panicles. Fruit: berry. Seed: 3--5.
Species In Genus: +- 30 species: North America, Asia, Malaysia. Etymology: (Latinized from old French Canadian, Aralie)

Aralia californica S. Watson
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb; roots large; sap milky. Stem: 2--3 m, stout. Leaf: 1--3-pinnate, 1--2 m, +- glabrous; petiole < 3 dm; leaflets 15--30 cm, ovate to oblong, serrate, base +- cordate. Inflorescence: 30--45 cm. Fruit: +- 5 mm, spheric, black. Chromosomes: 2n=48.
Ecology: Moist shade, canyons, stream sides; Elevation: < 2500 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoR, CaRH, n SN, SnFrB, SCoR, TR, PR; Distribution Outside California: Oregon. Flowering Time: Jun--Aug
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock
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botanical illustration including Aralia californica

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Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock 2016. Aralia californica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=13860, accessed on February 13, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 13, 2016.


Aralia californica
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Aralia californica
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© 2012 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Aralia californica
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Aralia californica
click for enlargement
© 2006 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Aralia californica
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© 2009 Neal Kramer
Aralia californica
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© 2012 Julie Kierstead Nelson

More photos of Aralia californica in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Aralia californica:
KR, NCoR, CaRH, n SN, SnFrB, SCoR, TR, PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.