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Vascular Plants of California
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Aquilegia pubescens


Higher Taxonomy
Family: RanunculaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BUTTERCUP FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3--6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0--many, generally free; stamens generally 5--many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1--many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0--1, generally +- persistent as beak, ovules 1--many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, +- utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1--many-seeded.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). Toxicity: some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). Note: Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Dieter H. Wilken, family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: AquilegiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: COLUMBINE
Habit: Perennial herb; caudex thick, branched to not. Stem: 1--few, ascending to erect, branched to not, scapose to not, glabrous to glandular-hairy. Leaf: basal 1--3-ternate, petiole generally long; cauline 0--few, generally much reduced, deeply 3-lobed to 1--2-ternate, petiole short to +- 0; segments generally wedge-shaped to obovate, abaxially pale green to glaucous, adaxially green to gray, glabrous to glandular. Inflorescence: few-flowered raceme or flower 1, terminal; axis, pedicels glabrous to glandular; flowers generally nodding. Flower: sepals 5, petal-like, spreading [to +- reflexed]; petals 5, spurs between sepals, mouths < to > 90° to exposed filaments; pistils generally 5. Fruit: follicle, glabrous to glandular. Seed: smooth, shiny, brown to black.
Species In Genus: +- 70 species: temperate North America, Eurasia. Etymology: (Perhaps Latin: eagle, from spurs, or water-drawer, from habitats) Note: Many species, hybrids cultivated as ornamental; natural hybrids common; recent adaptive radiation with specialized pollinations syndromes (bee, hummingbird, hawkmoth).
eFlora Treatment Author: Justen Whittall, Scott A. Hodges & Dieter H. Wilken
Unabridged Reference: Munz 1946 Gentes Herb 7:1--150
Aquilegia pubescens Coville
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 15--50 cm. Leaf: basal, lower cauline 1--2-ternate, petioles 5--25 cm, leaflets 10--25(40) mm; upper cauline generally deeply 3-lobed to 1-ternate. Inflorescence: flowers spreading to erect. Flower: sepals 10--24 mm, cream to yellow or pink; petal blade 7--20 mm, cream to yellow, spur (20)25--50 mm, cream to yellow or pink, tip 1--2.5 mm wide, mouth <= 90° to exposed filaments, 6--10 mm wide, round, +- cream; stamens 12--21 mm. Fruit: 19--25 mm, beak 10--12 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Ecology: Open, generally rocky slopes, scrub, subalpine forest, alpine; Elevation: 2600--3650 m. Bioregional Distribution: SNH. Flowering Time: Jul--Aug Note: Generally hawkmoth-pollinated; flower color variable; hybridizes with Aquilegia formosa in SNH.
Jepson eFlora Author: Justen Whittall, Scott A. Hodges & Dieter H. Wilken
Unabridged Reference: Munz 1946 Gentes Herb 7:1--150
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Botanical illustration including Aquilegia pubescens

botanical illustration including Aquilegia pubescens

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Citation for this treatment: Justen Whittall, Scott A. Hodges & Dieter H. Wilken 2012, Aquilegia pubescens, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=13675, accessed on May 20, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on May 20, 2019.

Aquilegia pubescens
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© 2011 Neal Kramer
Aquilegia pubescens
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© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Aquilegia pubescens
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© 2011 James M. Andre
Aquilegia pubescens
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© 2007 Aaron Schusteff
Aquilegia pubescens
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© 2009 Barry Breckling
Aquilegia pubescens
click for enlargement
© 2011 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Aquilegia pubescens in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Aquilegia pubescens:
SNH.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.